Original Research ARTICLE
POST-STROKE DEPRESSION INCREASES DISABILITY MORE THAN 15% IN ISCHEMIC STROKE SURVIVORS: A CASE-CONTROL STUDY
- 1Fondazione Santa Lucia (IRCCS), Italy
We performed a retrospective, case-control study in consecutive ischemic stroke patients admitted to our stroke rehabilitation unit. Patients were matched for severity of neurological impairment (evaluated with the Canadian Neurological Scale, CNS), age (difference within 1 year) and onset admission interval (difference within 3 days). Participants were divided into two subgroups according to the presence or absence of PSD. Aim was to assess the specific influence of post-stroke depression (PSD) and antidepressant treatment on both basal functional status and rehabilitation outcomes. All PSD patients were treated primarily with serotoninergic antidepressants (AD). The final sample included 280 patients with depression (out of 320 found in a whole case series of 993 ischemic patients, i.e., 32.25%) and 280 without depression. Forty patients with depression were excluded because they had a history of severe psychiatric illness or aphasia, with a severe comprehesion deficit. On one hand, PSD patients obtained lower Barthel Index (BI) and Rivermead Mobility Index (RMI) scores at both admission and discharge, with minor effectiveness of rehabilitative treatment and longer length of stay; on the other hand, this group had? a lower percentage of dropouts. Lastly, PSD patients showed a different functional outcome, based on their response to antidepressant therapy, that was significantly better in responders than in non-responders (13.13%). Our results confirm the unfavorable influence of PSD on functional outcome, despite pharmacological treatment.
Keywords: Stroke - Diagnosis, therapy, depresion, Rehabilitation, antidepressant, functional outcome, Stroke
Received: 27 Apr 2019;
Accepted: 09 Aug 2019.
Copyright: © 2019 Paolucci, Iosa, Coiro, Venturiero, Savo, Angelis and Morone. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: PhD. Marco Iosa, Fondazione Santa Lucia (IRCCS), Rome, 00142, Lazio, Italy, email@example.com