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Original Research ARTICLE Provisionally accepted The full-text will be published soon. Notify me

Front. Pharmacol. | doi: 10.3389/fphar.2019.01429

UFR2709, a nicotinic receptor antagonist, decreases ethanol intake in alcohol-preferring rats.

  • 1University of Chile, Chile
  • 2University of Valparaíso, Chile
  • 3University of La Frontera, Chile
  • 4Oxford Brookes University, United Kingdom
  • 5Universidad de Santiago de Chile, Chile

Brain nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), a heterogeneous family of pentameric acetylcholine-gated cation channels, have been suggested as molecular targets for the treatment of alcohol abuse and dependence. Here, we examined the effect of the competitive nAChR antagonist UFR2709 on the alcohol consumption of high-alcohol-drinking UChB rats. UChB rats were given free access to ethanol for 24-h periods in a two-bottle free-choice paradigm and their ethanol and water intake were measured. The animals were i.p injected daily for 17 days with a 10, 5, 2.5 or 1 mg/kg dose of UFR2709. Potential confounding motor effects of UFR2709 were assessed by examining the locomotor activity of animals administered the highest dose of UR2709 tested (10 mg/kg i.p.). UFR2709 reduced ethanol consumption and ethanol preference and increased water consumption in a dose-dependent manner. The most effective dose of UFR2709 was 2.5 mg/kg, which induced a 56% reduction in alcohol consumption. Administration of UFR2709 did not affect the weight or locomotor activity of the rats, suggesting that its effects on alcohol consumption and preference were mediated by specific nAChRs.

Keywords: alcohol dependence, Ethanol, UChB rats, nAChRs antagonism, Voluntary Ethanol Drinking

Received: 01 Jul 2019; Accepted: 08 Nov 2019.

Copyright: © 2019 Quiroz, Sotomayor-Zárate, Gonzalez-Gutierrez, Viscarra, Moraga, Bermudez, Reyes-Parada, Quintanilla, Rivera-Meza and Iturriaga-Vasquez. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence:
PhD. Mario Rivera-Meza, University of Chile, Santiago, 3580000, Santiago Metropolitan Region (RM), Chile, mario.rivera@ciq.uchile.cl
PhD. Patricio E. Iturriaga-Vasquez, University of La Frontera, Temuco, 4811230, Araucania, Chile, patricio.iturriaga@ufrontera.cl