Original Research ARTICLE
Measuring Psychological Change and Predicting Recidivism following the Swedish One-to-One Program
- 1Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Sweden
- 2Stockholm Health Care Services, Sweden
- 3Stockholm Center for Dependency Disorders, Sweden
- 4Department of Public Health Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm University, Sweden
- 5Department of Psychology, Örebro University, Sweden
- 6Other, United Kingdom
The One-to-One program aims to reduce criminal recidivism among prisoners shortly awaiting release, and among probationers. Of 1484 program participants in Sweden, 776 contained adequate data for analysis. Pre- and post-program scores were available for the Alternative Thinking Test, Levenson’s Locus of Control Scale, Skill Survey, Citizen Scale and Problem Checklist, all areas addressed in the program. This study examined predictive properties of test scores and background characteristics regarding recidivism, as well as differences between sub-groups. All post-tests indicated pro-social changes. Older participants were more likely to complete the program. The most potent predictor for non-recidivism was program completion, with non-completers 64% more likely to re-offend. Significant associations occurred between recidivism and the tests measuring skill improvement over time, chance locus of control pre- and post-program, and attitudes and values (Citizen Scale), partly supporting the theory behind the program
Keywords: recidivism, individual psychological intervention, Psychological Tests, Prison, Probation, criminal justice, Naturalistic study
Received: 01 Aug 2019;
Accepted: 14 Oct 2019.
Copyright: © 2019 Berman, Gajecki, Morien and Priestley. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Dr. Anne H. Berman, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Centre for Psychiatry Research, Stockholm, SE-171 77, Stockholm, Sweden, firstname.lastname@example.org