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Front. Surg. | doi: 10.3389/fsurg.2019.00007

Overview of anorectal malformations in Africa

  • 1Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

Anorectal malformation is one of the most common structural congenital malformations treated by pediatric surgeons globally. The outcome of care is largely dependent on the spectrum, clinical features, associated malformations, expertise of the surgeons and available perioperative facilities. Africa has a large burden of unmet surgical needs in children, and as in other low resource settings, local pediatric surgeons are faced with different and challenging clinical scenarios, hence, adopt various measures to enable children with surgically correctable congenital malformations survive. There are increasing collaborations between local surgeons and experts in other continents, which often involves surgeons travelling to Africa on missions or well-structured partnerships. It is highly beneficial for the physician who is interested in global-surgery to understand the terrain in low resource settings and prepare for possible changes in management plan. This review highlights the epidemiology, clinical presentation, treatment and outcome of care of children with anorectal malformations in Africa and provides options adopted by pediatric surgeons working with limited resources.

Keywords: Africa, Anorectal malformation (ARM), Burden of diseases, low resource settings, Neonatal intestinal obstruction

Received: 27 Dec 2018; Accepted: 13 Feb 2019.

Edited by:

Carlos A. Reck-Burneo, Medical University of Vienna, Austria

Reviewed by:

Erik D. Skarsgard, British Columbia Children's Hospital, Canada
Risto Rintala, Helsinki Children's Hospital, Finland  

Copyright: © 2019 Lawal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Dr. Taiwo A. Lawal, Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria, taiwo.lawal@hotmail.com