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Front. Neurol.
Sec. Sleep Disorders
Volume 15 - 2024 | doi: 10.3389/fneur.2024.1396673
This article is part of the Research Topic Neuropsychiatric Consequences of the COVID-19 Pandemic: Understanding Mechanisms, Risk Factors, and Treatment View all articles

Sleep and mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic: Findings from an online questionnaire survey in China

Provisionally accepted
Xuqian Liu Xuqian Liu 1刘 明月 刘 明月 2Guangyuan Ai Guangyuan Ai 1Naijun Hu Naijun Hu 3Wenhan Liu Wenhan Liu 1Chao Lai Chao Lai 2Feng XU Feng XU 4Zhaohong Xie Zhaohong Xie 2*
  • 1 The Second Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, China
  • 2 Department of Neurology, The Second Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong Province, China
  • 3 the second hosipital of, jinan, China
  • 4 School of Management, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong Province, China

The final, formatted version of the article will be published soon.

    The online study investigated sleep and psychological conditions, and the risk factors during the wave of transmission of COVID-19 since December 7, 2022.We distributed questionnaires through networking mediums to residents to gather information about COVID-19 infection, sleep, and mental status.During the extraordinary period in China, 91.9% of 1094 participants claimed to be infected with COVID-19, 36.8% reported poor sleep quality, 75.9% reported anxiety, and 65.5% reported depression. In retrospect, people have experienced lower sleep quality, longer sleep latency, advanced rising time, and decreased sleep efficiency after the infection wave. After adjusting confounding factors, the elderly, women, urban residents, people with comorbidity, anxiety, depression, stress state, and COVID-19 infection have high risks for sleep disorders during the period.The survey indicates that sleep disturbance caused by COVID-19 involves multiple dimensions, such as physiology, psychology, and society. The COVID-19 infection-related sleep problem should be taken seriously. Apart from conventional treatment, psychological issues of insomnia cannot be ignored.

    Keywords: Sleep and mental health, sleep disorder, sleep quality, insomnia, COVID-19, Depression, Anxiety

    Received: 06 Mar 2024; Accepted: 27 May 2024.

    Copyright: © 2024 Liu, 明月, Ai, Hu, Liu, Lai, XU and Xie. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

    * Correspondence: Zhaohong Xie, Department of Neurology, The Second Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong Province, China

    Disclaimer: All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article or claim that may be made by its manufacturer is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.