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Front. Energy Res. | doi: 10.3389/fenrg.2018.00005

A cost estimation for CO2 reduction and reuse by methanation from cement industry sources in Switzerland

  • 1IMPE, Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Switzerland
  • 2ZPP, Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Switzerland

The Swiss government has signed the Paris Climate Agreement and various measures need to be implemented in order to reach the target of a 50 % reduction in CO2 emissions in Switzerland by 2030 compared with the value for 1990. Considering the fact that the production of cement in Switzerland accounts around 2.5 million tonnes for CO2 emissions of which corresponds to roughly 7 % of the country’s total CO2 emissions, the following article examines how this amount could be put to meaningful use in order to create a new value-added chain through CO2 methanation, and thus reduce the consumption and import of fossil fuels in Switzerland. With power-to-gas technology, this CO2, along with regenerative hydrogen from photovoltaics, can be converted into methane, which can then be fed into the existing natural-gas grid. This economic case study shows a cost prediction for conversion of all the CO2 from the cement industry into methane by using the technologies available today in order to replacing fossil methane imports.

Keywords: CO2 methanation, cement-based CO2, Power-to-gas, Hydrogen, Economics, photovoltaics, Electrolysis, Switzerland

Received: 09 Nov 2017; Accepted: 09 Feb 2018.

Edited by:

Martin O. Jones, Science and Technology Facilities Council, United Kingdom

Reviewed by:

Manuel Götz, DVGW-EBI, Germany
Ming Ma, Delft University of Technology, Netherlands
Mark Bowden, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (DOE), United States  

Copyright: © 2018 Heel, Schneider and Baier. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Dr. Andre Heel, Zurich University of Applied Sciences, IMPE, Technikumstrasse 9, Winterthur, 8400, Switzerland, heel@zhaw.ch