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Review ARTICLE Provisionally accepted The full-text will be published soon. Notify me

Front. Energy Res. | doi: 10.3389/fenrg.2019.00123

How far away are lithium-sulfur batteries from commercialization?

 chao wang1*,  Kunlei Zhu2, 3,  Zixiang Chi3, Fei Ke3, Yang Yang1, Anbang Wang4,  Weikun Wang4 and Lixiao Miao3, 5
  • 1Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering, School of Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, United States
  • 2Qufu Normal University, China
  • 3Independent researcher, China
  • 4Other, China
  • 5National Center for Nanoscience and Technology (CAS), China

With the increasing demand for green energy due to environmental issues, developing batteries with high energy density is of great importance. Li-S batteries, since their big breakthrough in 2009, have attracted much attention in both academia and industry. In academia, significant progress has been made in improving the specific capacity, rate capacity and cycle performance using various novel strategies. However, the performance is hugely different when these strategies are extended to mass production, indicating a significant difference between academic research and industrial production. In this brief review, we discussed the gap between the academic research and commercialization in detail based on literature reports and to our more than ten years’ experience on Li-S pouch cells, which including cathodes, anodes, separators, interlayers, electrolytes, and additives. The problems, which existing in pouch cells by using the materials and technologies developed by academic research using coin cells, was analyzed. We expected that this review could be helpful to both academic research and industrial commercialization of Li-S batteries.

Keywords: Lithium-Sulfur batteries, Commercialization, academic research, energy density, gap

Received: 15 Aug 2019; Accepted: 21 Oct 2019.

Copyright: © 2019 wang, Zhu, Chi, Ke, Yang, Wang, Wang and Miao. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Dr. chao wang, Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering, School of Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, United States,