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Front. Microbiol. | doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.03100

Microbiome analysis reveals the presence of Bartonella spp. and Acinetobacter spp. in deer keds (Lipoptena cervi)

Yvonne Regier1,  Kassandra Komma2,  Markus Weigel2, Arto T. Pulliainen3, Stephan Goettig1,  Torsten Hain2* and  Volkhard A. Kempf4*
  • 1Universitätsklinikum Frankfurt, Germany
  • 2University of Giessen, Germany
  • 3University of Turku, Finland
  • 4Institute for Medical Microbiology and Infection Control, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main, Germany

The deer ked (Lipoptena cervi) is distributed in Europe, North America and Siberia and mainly infests cervids as roe deer, fallow deer and moose. From a one health perspective, deer keds occasionally bite other animals or humans and are a potential vectors for Bartonella schoenbuchensis. This bacterium belongs to a lineage of ruminant-associated Bartonella spp. and is suspected to cause dermatitis and febrile diseases in humans. In this study, we analyzed the microbiome from 130 deer keds collected from roe deer, fallow deer and humans in the federal states of Hesse, Baden-Wuerttemberg and Brandenburg, Germany. Endosymbiontic Arsenophonus spp. and Bartonella spp. represented the biggest portion (~90%) of the microbiome. Most Bartonella spp. (n=93) were confirmed to represent B. schoenbuchensis. Furthermore, Acinetobacter spp. were present in four samples, one of those was confirmed to represent A. baumannii. These data suggest that deer keds harbor only a very narrow spectrum of bacteria which are potentially pathogenic for animals of humans.

Keywords: Next generation sequencing (NGS), One Health, Epidemiology, wild animals, Humans

Received: 08 Aug 2018; Accepted: 30 Nov 2018.

Edited by:

Bernd Kreikemeyer, University of Rostock, Germany

Reviewed by:

Martin Pfeffer, Institut für Tierhygiene und Öffentliches Veterinärwesen, Veterinärmedizinische Fakultät, Universität Leipzig, Germany
Ricardo Maggi, North Carolina State University, United States  

Copyright: © 2018 Regier, Komma, Weigel, Pulliainen, Goettig, Hain and Kempf. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence:
Prof. Torsten Hain, University of Giessen, Giessen, 35390, Germany, Torsten.Hain@mikrobio.med.uni-giessen.de
Prof. Volkhard A. Kempf, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main, Institute for Medical Microbiology and Infection Control, Frankfurt, 60596, Germany, volkhard.kempf@kgu.de