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Front. Microbiol. | doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2019.02442

Genome of a novel bacterium “Candidatus Jettenia ecosi” reconstructed from the metagenome of an anammox bioreactor.

  • 1Federal Center Research Fundamentals of Biotechnology (RAS), Russia

The microbial community of a laboratory-scale bioreactor based on the anammox process was investigated by using metagenomic approaches and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). The bioreactor was initially inoculated with activated sludge from the denitrifying bioreactor of a municipal wastewater treatment station. By constantly increasing the ammonium and nitrite load, a microbial community containing the novel species of anammox bacteria ‘Candidatus Jettenia ecosi’ developed in the bioreactor after five years when the maximal daily nitrogen removal rate reached 8.5 g/L. Sequencing of the metagenome of anammox granules and the binning of the contigs obtained, allowed a high quality draft genome of the dominant anammox bacterium, ‘Candidatus Jettenia ecosi’ to be assembled. Annotation of the 3.9 Mbp long genome revealed 3970 putative protein-coding genes, 45 tRNA genes, and genes for 16S/23S rRNAs. Analysis of the genome of ‘Candidatus Jettenia ecosi’ revealed genes involved in anammox metabolism, including nitrite and ammonium transporters, copper-containing nitrite reductase, a nitrate reductase complex, hydrazine synthase, and hydrazine oxidoreductase. Autotrophic carbon fixation could be accomplished through the acetyl-coenzyme A pathway. The presence of hydrogenase and formate dehydrogenase suggests that the bacterium could use hydrogen and formate as energy sources. The composition of the community was investigated through a search of 16S rRNA sequences in the metagenome and FISH analysis of the anammox granules. The presence of the members of Ignavibacteriae, Betaproteobacteria, Chloroflexi and other microbial lineages reflected the complexity of the microbial processes in the studied bioreactor performed by anammox Planctomycetes, fermentative bacteria, and denitrifiers.

Keywords: Anammox, Metagenome, Candidatus Jettenia ecosi, bioreactor, fish

Received: 07 Jun 2019; Accepted: 10 Oct 2019.

Copyright: © 2019 Mardanov, Beletsky, Nozhevnikova, Ravin, Botchkova and Litti. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Dr. Alla N. Nozhevnikova, Federal Center Research Fundamentals of Biotechnology (RAS), Moscow, Moscow Oblast, Russia, nozhevni@mail.ru