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Review ARTICLE Provisionally accepted The full-text will be published soon. Notify me

Front. Pediatr. | doi: 10.3389/fped.2019.00356

An opportunity for Cognitive Task Analysis in neonatal resuscitation

  • 1University of Alberta, Canada
  • 2Pediatrics / Neonatology, University of Alberta, Canada

Approximately 10% of newborn infants require resuscitative intervention at birth. Ideally, this care is provided by a team of expert healthcare professionals who possess exceptional cognitive, psychomotor, and communication skills. Human errors and deviations from resuscitation protocol are common and may be attributable to excessive cognitive demand experienced by the resuscitation team. Cognitive Task Analysis (CTA) is a group of methods used to assess knowledge, judgments, goals, and decision-making of expert healthcare professionals. These methods may be used during neonatal resuscitation to gain an improved understanding of the approaches used by healthcare professionals. CTA methods have been applied in many medical disciplines including neonatology. CTA has been used to identify information previously confined to the intuition of experts. This information has been used to assess, develop, and improve medical technology, clinical decision support tools, communication structure, and training methods. Knowledge attained through CTA might be applied similarly to neonatal resuscitation, which may, in turn, decrease human errors, and improve patient safety.

Keywords: neonatal resuscitation, Newborn, delivery room, Knowledge elicitation, Cognitive task analysis (CTA)

Received: 21 May 2019; Accepted: 14 Aug 2019.

Copyright: © 2019 Zehnder, Law and Schmolzer. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Dr. Georg Schmolzer, University of Alberta, Pediatrics / Neonatology, Edmonton, T5H 3V9, Alberta, Canada,