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Front. Vet. Sci. | doi: 10.3389/fvets.2018.00026

Benefit-cost analysis of foot-and-mouth disease vaccination at the farm-level in South Vietnam

  • 1UMR ASTRE, CIRAD, France
  • 2Faculty of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Nong Lam University, Vietnam
  • 3Faculty Veterinary Medicine, Kasetsart University, Thailand
  • 4IHAP, Université de Toulouse, INRA, ENVT, France
  • 5Department of Biology, Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics, The Pennsylvania State University, United States

This study aimed to analyse the financial impact of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) outbreaks in cattle at the farm-level and the benefit-cost ratio (BCR) of biannual vaccination strategy to prevent and eradicate FMD for cattle in South Vietnam. Production data was collected from 49 small-scale dairy farms, 15 large-scale dairy farms and 249 beef farms of Long An and Tay Ninh province using a questionaire. Financial data of FMD impacts was collected using participatory tools in 37 villages of Long An province. The net present value, i.e. the difference between the benefits (additional revenue and saved costs) and costs (additional costs and revenue foregone), of FMD vaccination in large-scale dairy farms was 2.8 times higher than in small-scale dairy farms and 20 times higher than in beef farms. The benefit-cost ratio of FMD vaccination over one year in large-scale dairy farms, small-scale dairy farms and beef farms were 11.6 (95% confidence interval (95% CI) 6.42-16.45), 9.93 (95% CI 3.45-16.47) and 3.02 (95% CI 0.76-7.19), respectively. The sensitivity analysis showed that varying the vaccination cost had more effect on the BCR of cattle vaccination than varying the market price. This benefit-cost analysis of biannual vaccination strategy showed that investment in FMD prevention can be financially profitable, and therefore sustainable, for dairy farmers. For beef cattle, it is less certain that vaccination is profitable. Additional benefit-cost analysis study of vaccination strategies at the national-level would be required to evaluate and adapt the national strategy to achieve eradication of this disease in Vietnam.

Keywords: Animal health economics, Benefit-cost analysis, Evaluation, Financial analysis, Foot-and-Mouth Disease, Vaccination.

Received: 29 Apr 2017; Accepted: 07 Feb 2018.

Edited by:

Jonathan Rushton, University of Liverpool, United Kingdom

Reviewed by:

Bouda Vosough Ahmadi, Scotland's Rural College, United Kingdom
Barbara Brito, Plum Island Animal Disease Center (ARS-USDA), United States
Sarah Rosanowski, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong  

Copyright: © 2018 Truong, Goutard, Bertagnoli, Delabouglise, Grosbois and Peyre. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Dr. Bao D. Truong, CIRAD, UMR ASTRE, Montpellier, France,