Original Research ARTICLE
Retrospective Multi-center Analysis of Canine Socket Prostheses for Partial Limbs
- 1Colorado State University, United States
Socket prostheses for treatment of distal limb pathology are becoming increasingly prevalent in veterinary medicine, however, limited objective data is available. Objectives of the present study were to retrospectively evaluate owner satisfaction, clinical outcomes, and prognostic factors associated with dogs receiving socket prostheses for partial limbs in a larger patient population.
Client databases of a single prosthesis provider were reviewed to identify owners whose dogs had received a prosthetic device within the last 10 years. An online survey was developed to evaluate owner-reported outcomes. The survey inquired about anatomy of the residuum, concurrent disease, prosthesis use, rehabilitation, activity, complications, and owner satisfaction. Medical records and radiographs were requested from all participants. Radiographs were used to confirm level of amputation and evaluate for osseous complications. Survey responses were analyzed by assigning author-defined numeric scores defining clinical outcome and owner satisfaction.
One-hundred thirty-seven owners were contacted. The response rate was 50/137 (37%); 47 responses were analyzed. Forty-six of 47 owners reported positive satisfaction; 1/47 was displeased. Forty-two of 47 dogs were scored to have acceptable to full function; 5/47 had unacceptable clinical function using the author-defined scoring system. A 62% short-term complication rate and a 19% long-term complication rate were reported. Skin sores were the most common short and long-term complication. There was a significant correlation between both clinical outcome and owner satisfaction with days per week spent in the prosthesis. Additionally, clinical outcome scores and owner satisfaction significantly varied between dogs with different durations of prosthesis wear with a trend toward better outcomes associated with longer prosthesis wear. Radiographs were obtained for 23/47 dogs to further define level of defect. The most proximal level of defect was mid-radius for the forelimb and mid-tibia for the hindlimb. There was no correlation between level of defect and either owner satisfaction or clinical outcome.
Results of this survey suggest a high degree of owner satisfaction despite substantial complication rates. Based on preliminary data, further evaluation of socket prostheses as a limb-sparing option for treatment of distal limb pathology should be considered. Prospective clinical trials with objective outcome measures are required to draw firm conclusions.
Keywords: prosthesis, Prosthetic, Orthotic, Amputation, Partial amputation, socket
Received: 17 Jan 2019;
Accepted: 14 Mar 2019.
Edited by:David Levine, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, United States
Reviewed by:Nathan Peterson, VCA West Los Angeles Animal Hospital, United States
Annamaria Grandis, Department of Veterinary Medical Sciences, University of Bologna, Italy
Copyright: © 2019 Wendland, Seguin and Duerr. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Dr. Felix M. Duerr, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, United States, Felix.Duerr@colostate.edu