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Front. Commun. | doi: 10.3389/fcomm.2018.00009

Interdependent followers prefer avoidant leaders: Followers' cultural orientation moderates leaders' avoidance relationships with followers' work outcomes

  • 1Psychology, University of Crete, Greece
  • 2Business School, Maynooth University, Ireland

Several studies examining leader-follower interaction in Greece, a collectivistic culture, paradoxically find that leaders' emotion suppression-related personality traits (attachment avoidance, emotion suppression, emotion control) have positive effects on followers' emotional and work attitude outcomes. These findings have been explained with reference to followers' implicit cultural schemas, interdependence in particular. Yet, this conjuncture has not been directly tested. The present study directly examined, in a field setting, how followers' independent and interdependent (cultural) self-construal moderates the relationship between leaders' attachment orientation and followers' emotion and satisfaction outcomes at the work place. As hypothesized, leaders' higher avoidance was associated with followers' job satisfaction, group cohesion, and deep acting as well as lower negative affect and loneliness for followers higher on interdependent self-construal. The results underline perceptual processes involved in followers' interdependent self-construal in relation to leaders' emotion suppression-related traits.

Keywords: Leadership, Emotion Regulation, adult attachment, culture, Self-construal

Received: 01 Nov 2017; Accepted: 12 Feb 2018.

Edited by:

Pablo Fernández-Berrocal, Universidad de Málaga, Spain

Reviewed by:

Athena Xenikou, Hellenic Air Force Academy, Greece
Anna Topakas, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom  

Copyright: © 2018 Kafetsios and Gruda. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Prof. Konstantinos G. Kafetsios, University of Crete, Psychology, Gallos Campus, Rethymno, 55132, Crete, Greece,