Hypothesis and Theory ARTICLE
Minimalism and evolution
- 1Psychology, The University of Auckland, New Zealand
Minimalism proposes that universal grammar (UG) is a characteristic of human thought, also known as I-language, whose main component is the operation Merge, providing for the recursive properties of human thought and language. The complexity and diversity of human languages arises from a process of externalization, whereby internal thoughts are communicated and shared. A fundamental tenet of the Minimalism Program is that UG is uniquely human, emerging well after the evolution of our species, Homo sapiens. I argue instead that the essence of I-language lies in the ability to think about the nonpresent, as in mentally travelling in time and space, which has a long evolutionary history among animals that move. What may be special but perhaps not unique to humans is the capacity to communicate our mental travels, as in the core linguistic property of displacement. It is through the externalization of imagined thoughts, not through UG itself, that language incorporates arbitrary representations.
Keywords: gesture, imagination, mental time travel, theory of mind, universal grammar, Gesture, Imagination, mental time travel, Theory of Mind
Received: 03 Apr 2019;
Accepted: 13 Aug 2019.
Copyright: © 2019 Corballis. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Prof. Michael C. Corballis, The University of Auckland, Psychology, Auckland, 1142, New Zealand, firstname.lastname@example.org