Original Research ARTICLE
Mandarin Tone Identification by Tone-naïve Musicians and Non-musicians in Auditory-visual and Auditory-only Conditions
- 1Tilburg University, Netherlands
- 2Tilburg School of Humanities and Digital Sciences, Tilburg University, Netherlands
A considerable number of studies have shown that musical ability has a positive effect on language processing. Extending this body of work, this study investigates the effects of musicality and modality on Mandarin tone identification in tone-naïve participants. To examine the effects of visual information in speech, Mandarin tones were presented in auditory-only or auditory-visual modalities to participants with or without musical experience. The Goldsmith Musicality Index was used to assess the musical aptitude of the participants. Overall, musicians outperformed non-musicians in the tone identification task in both auditory-visual and auditory-only conditions. Both groups identified tones more accurately in the auditory-visual condition than in the auditory-only condition. In addition, performance differed by tone: musicality holds its main effect on each level of tone; while the influence of modality differs for individual tones; the identification of tone 3 (a low-falling-rising) proved to be the easiest, while tone 4 (a high-falling tone) was the most difficult to identify for all participants. Out of all the musical skills measured by the Goldsmith Musicality Index, the amount of musical training was the only predictor that had an impact on the accuracy of Mandarin tone perception. These findings suggest that learning to perceive Mandarin tones benefits from musical expertise, and visual information can facilitate Mandarin tone identification, but mainly for tone-naïve non-musicians.
Keywords: Mandarin tone identification, audiovisual modality, Musicians and non-musicians, the Goldsmith Musicality Index, musicality, Visual information
Received: 31 May 2019;
Accepted: 04 Nov 2019.
Copyright: © 2019 Han, Goudbeek, Mos and Swerts. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Dr. Yueqiao Han, Tilburg University, Tilburg, Netherlands, firstname.lastname@example.org