Corrigendum: The Influence of Chronic Pain and Cognitive Function on Spatial-Numerical Processing
- 1Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care, Emergency Medicine and Pain Management, Medicine and Health Sciences, Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany
- 2Department of Psychology, Biological Psychology Lab, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany
- 3Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland
- 4Department of Neurology, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany
by Spindler, M., Koch, K., Borisov, E., Özyurt, J., Sörös, P., Thiel, C., et al. (2018). Front. Behav. Neurosci. 12:165. doi: 10.3389/fnbeh.2018.00165
In the original article, there was a mistake in Tables 1–4 as published. The tables show the data for n = 37 chronic pain patients and n = 37 matched healthy controls. However, the tables should have shown data for n = 42 chronic pain patients and n = 42 matched healthy controls. The corrected Tables 1–4 appears below.
Table 2. Comparisons of MADER for different experimental conditions using independent samples t-tests.
Table 3. MADER and dependent t-statistics for low- and high-distance stimuli of the number line estimation tasks for chronic pain patients and controls.
Table 4. Descriptive results from the subtests of the computerized TAP battery for chronic pain patients and controls separately.
Additionally, there was a mistake in the legend for Table 1 as published. The scaling of the variables “education” and “opioid medication” was incorrect. The correct legend appears below.
“SD: Standard deviation; ADS-K: General Depression Scale - Short form; *education refers to 0 = no degree, 1 = lower secondary education, 2 = secondary school, 3 = A-levels, 4 = university degree; **on an 11-point Numerical Rating Scale (0 = no pain; 10 = worst pain imaginable) on the day of testing.
†The total amount of participants reporting different pain syndromes. In brackets, only the corresponding main pain category of each participant is listed.”
Lastly, in the original article, there was an error. The number sense performance of patients with vs. without opioid medication, was compared using the same incorrect sample size as mentioned above.
A correction has been made to the Results, Experimental Tests and Questionnaires, Clinical pain assessment, and number sense.
“Finally, the role of opioid medication on number sense performance was evaluated, suggesting that patients with opioid medication performed equally well on both number naming [n = 13; M = 4.7, SD = 1.7, t(40) = −0.542, p = 0.591] and position marking [n = 13; M = 4.8, SD = 1.3, t(39) = 0.818, p = 0.419] compared to patients without opioid medication (number naming: n = 29; M = 4.4, SD = 1.3; position marking: n = 28; M = 5.3, SD = 2.1).”
The authors apologize for these errors and state that they do not change the scientific conclusions of the article in any way. The original article has been updated.
Conflict of Interest Statement
The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.
Keywords: chronic pain, number sense, pain rating scales, number line task, pain assessment
Citation: Spindler M, Koch K, Borisov E, Özyurt J, Sörös P, Thiel C and Bantel C (2019) Corrigendum: The Influence of Chronic Pain and Cognitive Function on Spatial-Numerical Processing. Front. Behav. Neurosci. 13:29. doi: 10.3389/fnbeh.2019.00029
Received: 28 January 2019; Accepted: 31 January 2019;
Published: 19 February 2019.
Approved by:Oliver T. Wolf, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Germany
Copyright © 2019 Spindler, Koch, Borisov, Özyurt, Sörös, Thiel and Bantel. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
*Correspondence: Melanie Spindler, email@example.com
†These authors have contributed equally to this work