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Front. Neurosci. | doi: 10.3389/fnins.2019.01085

Bio-inspired Evolutionary Model of Spiking Neural Networks in Ionic Liquid Space

  • 1Sharif University of Technology, Iran
  • 2Instituto de Microelectrónica de Sevilla (IMSE,CNM), Spain

One of the biggest struggles while working with artificial neural networks is being able to come up with models which closely match biological observations. In this paper, a new model for reservoir networks consisting of spiking neurons is introduced. Biological observations show that applying a stimulus to a network of neurons results in the creation of new dendritic spines which leads to new synapses being created. The latter forms the basis of the present study in which a new model for a spiking neural network in ionic liquid space is introduced. High plasticity of this model makes learning possible with a lesser number of neurons. In order to study the effect of the applied stimulus in ionic liquid space through time, a diffusion operator is used which somehow compensates for the separation between spatial and temporal coding in spiking neural networks and therefore, makes the mentioned model suitable for spatiotemporal patterns. Inspired by partial structural changes of human brain through the years, the proposed model evolves during learning process. The effect of evolution on the proposed model's performance is studied in this paper. Hence, in this paper, the topology of the proposed model is optimized for a classification problem using an evolutionary algorithm as well as some experiments. The N-MNIST dataset has been used to evaluate the performance of the proposed model. Similar to all reservoir networks, in order to classify this dataset, a readout layer is added to the model. Classification of the N-MNIST dataset using this model and without optimization results in a maximum accuracy of 7.69%, while a maximum accuracy of 98.38% is obtained when the evolutionary algorithm is applied.

Keywords: Spiking neural network (SNN), Ionic Liquid Space, Genetic Algorithm, N-MNIST Dataset, evolutionary model, synaptic plasticity, Intrinsic Plasticity

Received: 08 Jun 2019; Accepted: 25 Sep 2019.

Copyright: © 2019 Iranmehr, Shouraki, Faraji, Bagheri and Linares-Barranco. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Prof. Bernabe Linares-Barranco, Instituto de Microelectrónica de Sevilla (IMSE,CNM), Seville, Spain, bernabe@imse-cnm.csic.es