Biomarkers in Colorectal Cancer: The Role of Translational Proteomics Research
- 1University of Brasilia, Brazil
- 2Centro Universitário de Brasília, Brazil
- 3CEU San Pablo University, Spain
Colorectal cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world, and it is one of the leading causes of cancer-related death. Despite recent progress in screening programmes and in the management of patients with colorectal cancer, there are still many gaps to fill to establish a personalized approach, ranging from the prevention and early diagnosis to the determination of prognosis factors and treatment of metastatic disease. The genetic profile approach has been increasingly used in the decision-making process, especially in the choice of targeted therapies and in the prediction of drug response, but there are still few validated biomarkers of colorectal cancer for clinical practice. The discovery of noninvasive, sensitive and specific biomarkers is an urgent need, and translational proteomics plays a key role in this process, as it enables better comprehension of colorectal carcinogenesis, identification of potential markers and subsequent validation. This review provides an overview of recent advances in the search for colorectal cancer biomarkers through proteomics studies, according to biomarker function and clinical application.
Keywords: colorectal cancer, biomarkers, Translational research, Proteomics, Mass Spectrometry
Received: 02 Jun 2019;
Accepted: 05 Nov 2019.
Copyright: © 2019 Martins, De Bulhões, Cavalcanti, Martins, de Oliveira and Martins. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Mr. Bruno Augusto A. Martins, University of Brasilia, Brasilia, Brazil, firstname.lastname@example.org