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Front. Psychiatry | doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00054

1st International Experts’ Meeting on Agitation: Conclusions regarding the current and ideal management paradigm of agitation

  • 1Hospital Universitario Doctor Peset, Spain
  • 2Ospedale San Martino (IRCCS), Italy
  • 3Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria Consorziale Policlinico di Bari, Italy
  • 4University of Montpellier 1, France
  • 5Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, Spain
  • 6Hospital de Emergencias Psiquiátricas Torcuato de Alvear, Argentina
  • 7Hannover Medical School, Germany
  • 8Norrbottens läns Landsting, Sweden
  • 9Evang. und Johanniter Klinikum Niederrhein Johanniter Krankenhaus, Germany
  • 10Eginition Hospital, Greece
  • 11Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Pisana, Italy
  • 12Medizinische Universität Wien, Austria
  • 13Unitelma Sapienza University, Italy
  • 14Centre hospitalier Sainte-Anne, France
  • 15Complejo asistencial Universitario de Palencia, Spain
  • 16Hospital Universitari Mutua de Terrassa, Spain
  • 17Donauspital, Austria
  • 18Øyane DPS Bergen, Norway
  • 19Hospital Universitario Fundación Alcorcón, Spain
  • 20Hôpitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg, France

Agitation is a heterogeneous concept without a uniformly accepted definition, however, it is generally considered as a state of cognitive and motor hyperactivity characterized by excessive or inappropriate motor or verbal activity with marked emotional arousal. Not only the definition but other aspects of agitated patients’ care are still unsolved and need consensus and improvement. To help the discussion about agitation among experts and improve the identification, management and treatment of agitation, the 1st International Experts’ Meeting on Agitation was held in October 2016 in Madrid. It was attended by 20 experts from Europe and Latin America with broad experience in the clinical management of agitated patients. The present document summarizes the key conclusions of this meeting and highlights the need for an updated protocol of agitation management and treatment, the promotion of education and training among healthcare professionals to improve the care of these patients and the necessity to generate clinical data of agitated episodes

Keywords: Schizophrenia, Bipolar Disorder, Psychomotor Agitation, Management, clinical practice

Received: 15 Sep 2017; Accepted: 08 Feb 2018.

Edited by:

Maria Rosaria Anna Muscatello, Università degli Studi di Messina, Italy

Reviewed by:

Filippo Caraci, Università degli Studi di Catania, Italy
Pasquale De Fazio, Dipartimento di Scienze della Salute, Università degli Studi Magna Graecia di Catanzaro, Italy  

Copyright: © 2018 Martinez-Raga, Amore, Di Sciascio, Florea, Garriga, Gonzalez, Kahl, Karlsson, Kuhn, Margariti, Pacciardi, Papageorgiou, Pompili, Rivollier, Rico, Safont, Scharfetter, Skagen, Tajima-Pozo and VIDAILHET. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Dr. Jose Martinez-Raga, Hospital Universitario Doctor Peset, Valencia, Spain,