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Original Research ARTICLE Provisionally accepted The full-text will be published soon. Notify me

Front. Psychiatry | doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00080

What was Helpful Questionnaire (WHQ): psychometric properties of a novel tool designed to capture parental perceived helpfulness of interventions in children requiring mental health inpatient care.

Ifigeneia Mourelatou1,  Jorge Gaete1, 2*, Sandra Fewings1, Oona Hickie1 and  Marinos Kyriakopoulos1, 3, 4
  • 1South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom
  • 2Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de los Andes, Chile
  • 3Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience (IoPPN), King's College London, United Kingdom
  • 4Department of Psychiatry, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, United States

Background. Children in mental health inpatient care require multiple treatments. There is not a comprehensive instrument to assess perceived helpfulness of this combination of interventions.
Aims. To develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of the What was Helpful Questionnaire (WHQ), a tool designed to capture parental perceived helpfulness of the multidimensional management approach used in inpatient children’s units.
Methods. A total of 73 inpatients and their families were included in this study. The WHQ consists of six items exploring the perceived helpfulness of different aspects of care. Demographic and clinical variables were collected on admission and discharge. An exploratory factor analysis using polychoric correlations was performed to assess the item structure of the scale and the Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was used for internal reliability. Associations were assessed using regressions models.
Results. WHQ is a unidimensional scale with an internal reliability of 0.77. No associations were identified between WHQ total score and age, gender, Children’s Global Assessment Scale scores change. A strong relationship between the WHQ total score and parental Acorn Satisfaction Questionnaire total score was found.
Conclusions. Results add evidence for the validity and the reliability of the WHQ to measure parental perceived helpfulness of interventions offered in inpatient children’s units.

Keywords: Children, Mental helth, Inpatient Care Units, Helpfulness, Validation

Received: 25 Sep 2018; Accepted: 05 Feb 2019.

Edited by:

Wai Tong Chien, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, China

Reviewed by:

Lawrence T Lam, University of Technology Sydney, Australia
Steve Lui, University of Huddersfield, United Kingdom
Raluca Sfetcu, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Spiru Haret University, Romania  

Copyright: © 2019 Mourelatou, Gaete, Fewings, Hickie and Kyriakopoulos. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: MD, PhD. Jorge Gaete, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de los Andes, Santiago, Santiago Metropolitan Region (RM), Chile,