Original Research ARTICLE
A Latent Profile Analysis of Violent Offenders Based on PCL-R Factor Scores
- 1Medical School Berlin, Germany
- 2University of North Texas, United States
- 3University of British Columbia, Canada
- 4Fachhochschule der Polizei des Landes Brandenburg, Germany
- 5University of Hildesheim, Germany
- 6FernUniversität Hagen, Germany
Clinicians and theorists have often proposed the two psychopathic subtypes of “primary” and “secondary” psychopathy with recent research indicating some empirical support for both psychopathy subtypes, though the findings across studies are far from uniform. For the current study, latent profile analysis was used to investigate if homogeneous latent classes exist within a sample of 215 adult male violent offenders from Berlin, Germany. The age of the offenders at the time of the index offense ranged from 19 to 59 years. The results indicated a solution with four latent classes which we refer to as prototypical psychopaths (LC1), callous-conning offenders (LC2), sociopathic or dyssocial offenders (LC3), and general offenders (LC4). Validation of the four subtypes involved examination of differences on recidivism risk, criminogenic needs, and general, violent, and sexual reoffending. The results also are discussed in terms of the issue of treatment amenability.
Keywords: PCL-R, recidivism, Criminogenic needs, Risk Assessment, psychopathy, LSI-R, subtypes
Received: 10 Jul 2018;
Accepted: 05 Aug 2019.
Copyright: © 2019 Lehmann, Neumann, Hare, Biedermann, Dahle and Mokros. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Prof. Robert J. Lehmann, Medical School Berlin, Berlin, Germany, firstname.lastname@example.org