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Front. Pharmacol.
Sec. Renal Pharmacology
Volume 15 - 2024 | doi: 10.3389/fphar.2024.1353848
This article is part of the Research Topic Acute Kidney Injury: From Pathology to Phytotherapy View all 16 articles

Association between PCSK9 Inhibitors and Acute Kidney Injury: A Pharmacovigilance Study

Provisionally accepted
  • Hunan Provincial People's Hospital, Changsha, China

The final, formatted version of the article will be published soon.

    Background PCSK9 inhibitors are a novel class of lipid-lowering medications, and numerous clinical studies have confirmed their significant role in improving the progression of chronic kidney disease. However, recent case reports have indicated new evidence regarding their association with acute kidney injury (AKI), with some patients experiencing acute tubular injury after PCSK9 inhibitors use. Objectives To clarify the relationship between PCSK9 inhibitors and AKI, we conducted a pharmacovigilance study. Methods Using the Food and Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) database from the third quarter of 2015 to the fourth quarter of 2022, a disproportionality analysis was employed to identify adverse events suggestive of AKI after PCSK9 inhibitors use. The drugs of interest included evolocumab and alirocumab. Results A total of 144,341 adverse event reports related to PCSK9 inhibitors were analyzed, among which 444 cases were suspected of AKI for evolocumab, and 172 cases for alirocumab. Evolocumab had a greater impact on AKI in males (ROR 1.4, 95% CI 1.54-1.69). The ROR and 95% CI for evolocumab and Alirocumab were 0.13 (0.12-0.14) and 0.26 (0.23-0.30) respectively. Further analysis of AKI associated with the concomitant use of PCSK9 inhibitors with cephalosporins, furosemide, torsemide, pantoprazole, omeprazole, and esomeprazole revealed ROR and 95% CI of 0.38 (0.23-0.62), 0.38 (0.31-0.48), 0.18 (0.08-0.38), 0.23 (0.17-0.29), 0.20 (0.16-0.26), and 0.14 (0.10-0.20) respectively. Conclusions Through the FAERS database, we analyzed the clinical characteristics of AKI associated with PCSK9 inhibitors, exploring its risks. Our findings suggest that PCSK9 inhibitors might have a potential protective effect against AKI and exhibit similar effects when co-administered with other nephrotoxic drugs.

    Keywords: PCSK9 inhibitors, Acute Kidney Injury, evolocumabEvolocumab, aAlirocumab, Pharmacovigilance

    Received: 11 Dec 2023; Accepted: 27 May 2024.

    Copyright: © 2024 Liu. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

    * Correspondence: Hailing Liu, Hunan Provincial People's Hospital, Changsha, China

    Disclaimer: All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article or claim that may be made by its manufacturer is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.