@ARTICLE{10.3389/fams.2023.1107243,
AUTHOR={Massoda Tchoussi, Frank Yannick and Finazzi, Francesco},
TITLE={A statistical methodology for classifying earthquake detections and for earthquake parameter estimation in smartphone-based earthquake early warning systems},
JOURNAL={Frontiers in Applied Mathematics and Statistics},
VOLUME={9},
YEAR={2023},
URL={https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fams.2023.1107243},
DOI={10.3389/fams.2023.1107243},
ISSN={2297-4687},
ABSTRACT={Smartphone-based earthquake early warning systems (EEWSs) are emerging as a complementary solution to classic EEWSs based on expensive scientific-grade instruments. Smartphone-based systems, however, are characterized by a highly dynamic network geometry and by noisy measurements. Thus, there is a need to control the probability of false alarms and the probability of missed detection. This study proposes a statistical methodology to address this challenge and to jointly estimate in near real-time earthquake parameters like epicenter and depth. The methodology is based on a parametric statistical model, on hypothesis testing and on Monte Carlo simulation. The methodology is tested using data obtained from the Earthquake Network (EQN), a citizen science initiative that implements a global smartphone-based EEWS. It is discovered that, when the probability to miss an earthquake is fixed at 1%, the probability of false alarm is 0.8%, proving that EQN is a robust smartphone-based EEW system.}
}