%A Massoda Tchoussi,Frank Yannick
%A Finazzi,Francesco
%D 2023
%J Frontiers in Applied Mathematics and Statistics
%C
%F
%G English
%K Maximum likelihood (ML),Monte Carlo Simulation (MC),Hypothesis testing (HT),optimization algorithm,Classification
%Q
%R 10.3389/fams.2023.1107243
%W
%L
%M
%P
%7
%8 2023-February-16
%9 Original Research
%#
%! Classification of smartphone-based earthquake detections
%*
%<
%T A statistical methodology for classifying earthquake detections and for earthquake parameter estimation in smartphone-based earthquake early warning systems
%U https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fams.2023.1107243
%V 9
%0 JOURNAL ARTICLE
%@ 2297-4687
%X Smartphone-based earthquake early warning systems (EEWSs) are emerging as a complementary solution to classic EEWSs based on expensive scientific-grade instruments. Smartphone-based systems, however, are characterized by a highly dynamic network geometry and by noisy measurements. Thus, there is a need to control the probability of false alarms and the probability of missed detection. This study proposes a statistical methodology to address this challenge and to jointly estimate in near real-time earthquake parameters like epicenter and depth. The methodology is based on a parametric statistical model, on hypothesis testing and on Monte Carlo simulation. The methodology is tested using data obtained from the Earthquake Network (EQN), a citizen science initiative that implements a global smartphone-based EEWS. It is discovered that, when the probability to miss an earthquake is fixed at 1%, the probability of false alarm is 0.8%, proving that EQN is a robust smartphone-based EEW system.