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Original Research ARTICLE Provisionally accepted The full-text will be published soon. Notify me

Front. Earth Sci. | doi: 10.3389/feart.2019.00295

High resolution attenuation images from active seismic data: the case study of Solfatara volcano (southern Italy)

  • 1Department of Physics Ettore Pancini, Polytechnic and Basic Sciences School, University of Naples Federico II, Italy
  • 2Institute of Methodologies for Environmental Analysis (IMAA), Italy
  • 3Department of Physics, University of Salerno, Italy

The quality factor Q is highly sensitive to the medium properties related to the fluid presence, like porosity, permeability and level of rock saturation. Therefore, it is very useful to image the subsoil of volcanoes in terms of anelastic images, in addition to more common elastic tomographic models. In this geological structure, indeed, fluids play a key role in controlling and governing the evolution of magmatic processes, so their accurate identification and tracking is crucial. Here, we describe a methodology that allows to obtain accurate 1-D and 3-D attenuation models from seismic active data. It has been applied to a small-scale volcanic volume of the shallow Solfatara crater, in southern Italy. Our purposes were achieved in three steps: 1/ we measured the attenuation parameter t* from active survey data, first by cross-correlating the signal with the sweep function and then by using the spectral decay method; 2/ we determined a reference 1-D attenuation model for the area through a grid model search procedure; 3/ we reconstructed the 3-D attenuation model through an iterative inversion of t* data. In order to validate the t* catalogue, we analyzed the map of t* residuals with respect to the reference 1-D model... The shallowest subsoil of Solfatara is characterized as a volume with a P-wave quality factor, QP, which increases with depth and has a high lateral anelastic heterogeneity. QP can be therefore considered as a proxy for the detection of strong variations both in fluid saturations and in the type of fluids permeating the shallowest volcanic sediments of the investigated volume.

Keywords: t* accurate measurements, 2D t* residual maps, hydrothermal fluids tracking, 3-D attenuation model, Volcanic system, attenuation tomography

Received: 29 Apr 2019; Accepted: 29 Oct 2019.

Copyright: © 2019 De Landro, Serlenga, Amoroso, Russo, Festa and Zollo. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Dr. Grazia De Landro, Department of Physics Ettore Pancini, Polytechnic and Basic Sciences School, University of Naples Federico II, Napoli, Italy, delandro@fisica.unina.it