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Front. Educ. | doi: 10.3389/feduc.2018.00013

Impact of Entrepreneurship Training on Entrepreneurial Efficacy and Alertness among Adolescent Youth

 Moon-Ho R. Ho1*,  Marilyn A. Uy2, Ni Ying B. Kang1 and  KIM YIN CHAN2
  • 1Psychology, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
  • 2Nanyang Business School, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

Our study focuses on the impact of systematic entrepreneurship training comprising both active and passive learning activities on entrepreneurial alertness and efficacy among adolescent youth. Reports from a two-wave online survey among 328 students from five secondary schools (aged 13-16 years; 34.8% male and 65.2% female) reveal that those who went through entrepreneurship training (treatment group, N=142) had significantly higher entrepreneurial alertness and efficacy levels compared to those who did not go through training (control group, N=186). We also find that even with gender effects accounted for, the higher entrepreneurial alertness and efficacy levels in the treatment group are due in part to both passive and active/hands-on elements of the program. Our study offers direct evidence that conducting entrepreneurship training programs among secondary school students could be an effective means to enhance entrepreneurial competencies among the youth. Specifically, our findings highlight the value of entrepreneurial training in improving age-appropriate competencies of entrepreneurial alertness and efficacy.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurial training, Entrepreneurial alertness, Entrepreneurial efficacy, Youth

Received: 31 Oct 2017; Accepted: 15 Feb 2018.

Edited by:

Jesus De La Fuente, University of Almería, Spain

Reviewed by:

Angela J. Fawcett, Swansea University, United Kingdom
JESÚS NICASIO GARCÍA SÁNCHEZ, Universidad de León, Spain  

Copyright: © 2018 Ho, Uy, Kang and CHAN. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Prof. Moon-Ho R. Ho, Nanyang Technological University, Psychology, Singapore, Singapore,