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Front. Pediatr. | doi: 10.3389/fped.2019.00414

Navigating the Gluten-Free Boom: the Dark Side of Gluten Free Diet

 Aaron Lerner1*,  Tom OBryan2 and Torsten matthias3
  • 1Research, AESKU.KIPP Institute, Aesku Diagnostics, Germany
  • 2National University of Health Sciences, United States
  • 3AESKU.KIPP Institute, Aesku Diagnostics, Germany

In gluten dependent conditions the gluten free diet is the cornerstone of therapy, decreasing disease activity, improving health and quality of life and treating or preventing the associated complications. Gluten withdrawal implies strict and lifelong elimination not only of wheat, barley, rye and wheat-contaminated oats, but also of numerous non-nutritional products where components of wheat are often added. Due to multiple reasons the diet is difficult to follow and the long-term adherence is decreased with time. The present review summarizes the dark side of gluten restriction where nutritional deficiencies, toxicity, morbidity, mortality and mental health problems are reported. The aim being to increase awareness, avoid, detect and treat the side effects and to promote a healthier nutrition, for the patient’s benefits.

Keywords: celiac disease, gluten free diet, gluten withdrawal, side effects, nutritional deficiency, non-celiac wheat sensitivity, Celiac Disease, Gluten free diet, side effects, Nutritional deficiences, Non-celiac disease gluten sensitivity, Morbidity, Mortality, gluten withdrawal

Received: 01 Jun 2019; Accepted: 26 Sep 2019.

Copyright: © 2019 Lerner, OBryan and matthias. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Prof. Aaron Lerner, AESKU.KIPP Institute, Aesku Diagnostics, Research, Wendelsheim, 55234, Germany,