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Front. Pediatr., 29 September 2023
Sec. Pediatric Urology
Volume 11 - 2023 |

Editorial: New methods for old dilemmas

  • Department of Urology, Division of Pediatric Urology, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD, United States

Editorial on the Research Topic
Methods in pediatric urology 2022

Pediatric urology and surgery require a greater appreciation for delicate tissue coupled with the creativity to address significant challenges in petite patients, a balance not typically seen in adult patients. The need to constantly improve techniques and usher in newer iterations drives much of the methodology seen in pediatric surgery with the paramount goal of improving (or at least maintaining outcomes) while limiting, as much as possible, any associated morbidity—a lofty task indeed.

This research topic, Methods in Pediatric Urology, represents this goal—applying techniques in the pediatric realm that provide updates and slight refinements on existing methodologies. All of the articles that follow in this topic share the unifying theme of providing further contemporary insight on historically challenging topics. For instance, cryptorchid testicular torsion, encountered by very few in practice, may actually be present in up to 15% of cases according to the literature. Chen et al. reaffirmed this notion, citing a 10.2% incidence in the number of testicular torsions during their study period. With proper diagnostic tools, including deft ultrasonography and mean platelet volume, along with a low diagnostic threshold for often obscure symptomatology, the authors offer additional clarification of a diagnostic dilemma to better equip practicing urologists.

Continuing in this theme in the management of upper kidney preservation for complete duplication, Chu et al. elegantly provide further evidence for laparoscopic ureteral end-to-side anastomosis (UU) compared to minimally invasive ureteral reimplantation (UC). The authors found overwhelming statistically better outcomes with UU in nearly all regards, including operative time, drainage time, degree of hydronephrosis and length of stay. This contribution also excels in providing tips-and-tricks embedded within the paper, a delight not typically seen in a methodology manuscript.

In pediatric trauma, much of what is actually practiced is distilled from adult practice—a challenge when considering the anatomic differences between children and adults. Zhu et al. provide impressive outcomes for transperineal anastomotic urethroplasty for posterior urethral stenosis. In this series, the authors achieved an 85.7% success rate (24/28) with normal postoperative voiding for 26 of 28 patients after two underwent additional surgery with the remaining two still awaiting surgery. Importantly, Zhu et al. provide a technique roadmap including splitting of the corpus cavernous septum or partial resection of the lower aspect of the pubic symphysis, techniques not often employed in the pediatric population. With sensitivity, the authors acknowledge that such an approach does require longer term follow up to evaluate for any eventual sexual dysfunction that may arise.

As a bonus, even laparoscopic resection of choledochal cysts and Roux-en-Y reconstruction was included in this pediatric surgery topic. With 33 cases performed, without open conversion, and eventual success in all 33 after conservative management in 4 for pancreatitis (2) and biliary fistula (2) Bian et al. provide further evidence for minimally invasive management of this complex pathology.

This research topic is the result of the efforts of many, including the topic editors, coordinators, and of course, the numerous reviewers who kindly tolerated electronic reminders and met deadlines with aplomb. We hope this research topic provides an interesting update to the existing surgical methodology discussed and will remain a reference in the future.

Author contributions

CC: Writing – original draft. JG: Writing – original draft.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.

Publisher's note

All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article, or claim that may be made by its manufacturer, is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.

Keywords: outcomes, management updates, methodology, pediatric surgery, quality

Citation: Crigger CB and Gearhart JP (2023) Editorial: New methods for old dilemmas. Front. Pediatr. 11:1289472. doi: 10.3389/fped.2023.1289472

Received: 6 September 2023; Accepted: 21 September 2023;
Published: 29 September 2023.

Edited and Reviewed by: Miguel Alfedo Castellan, University of Miami, United States

© 2023 Crigger and Gearhart. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

*Correspondence: Chad B. Crigger John P. Gearhart