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Original Research ARTICLE Provisionally accepted The full-text will be published soon. Notify me

Front. Robot. AI | doi: 10.3389/frobt.2019.00079

KnobSlider: Design of a Shape-Changing Parameter Control UI and User Preference Study on Its Speed and Tangibility

 Hyunyoung Kim1*, Céline Coutrix1 and  Anne Roudaut2
  • 1Université Grenoble Alpes, France
  • 2University of Bristol, United Kingdom

Professionals such as sound engineers or aircraft pilots heavily use physical knobs and sliders on their interfaces. The interfaces have advantages over touchscreen interfaces, especially when the users need to quickly and eyes-freely respond to changing situations such as when musicians are improvising, or there is smoke in a cockpit. However, unlike touchscreen interfaces, the physical interfaces are often bulky and crowded and lack of adaptability to user preferences or small spaces. To have advantages from both physical and touchscreen control interfaces, we explore design space of control interfaces and suggest design guidelines in the following steps. We first conduct a formative study with eight professionals who use knobs and sliders. Based on their feedback, we propose design requirements for future parameter control interfaces. We then introduce the design of the KnobSlider, a shape-changing device that combines the advantages of a physical knob and a slider in a time- and space-multiplexing way. To increase users’ acceptance on shape-changing control interfaces, we investigate subjective preference on speed of shape-changes by using pairwise comparison with different maximum speeds. We also investigate how tangibility – showing KnobSlider on a video or showing it in the physical world – affects users preference and suggest speed design guidelines for future studies.

Keywords: Shape-changing interfaces, knob, dial, Slider, Contextual Inquiry, Preference study, parameter control UI

Received: 19 Apr 2019; Accepted: 09 Aug 2019.

Copyright: © 2019 Kim, Coutrix and Roudaut. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Mx. Hyunyoung Kim, Université Grenoble Alpes, Saint Martin d'Hères, France,