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Front. Sociol. | doi: 10.3389/fsoc.2018.00033

Satisfied with Less? Mismatch between Subjective and Objective Position of Immigrants and Native-born Men and Women in the Labor Market

  • 1Ruppin Academic Center, Israel
  • 2Ruppin Academic Center, Israel

The current study introduces a new mismatch concept in labor studies, the mismatch between subjective work perceptions and actual labor market position, and examines it from the perspectives of gender, ethnic and migration. This mismatch, positive or negative, was examined among men and women from different ethnic groups in Israel, both immigrants and native-born. The analyses were conducted on 9,923 employees using the Israeli CBS Social Surveys (2013-2015). The results reveal that the gender effect is more prominent than the ethnicity and migration effect. In general, women were more satisfied with their actual position in the labor market (positive subjective mismatch) than men, and men were less satisfied with their actual position in the labor market (negative subjective mismatch) than women. A positive subjective mismatch was also found among men from disadvantaged ethnic and immigrant groups. The multivariate analyses revealed that after controlling for socio-economic variables, ethnic differences declined among both men and women. Possible explanations are discussed, primarily based on the notion of relative well-being in respect to workers' expectations.

Keywords: Immgrant's labor market integration, Subjective work perceptions, gender, ethnicity, Mismatch in the labor market

Received: 17 Jul 2018; Accepted: 25 Oct 2018.

Edited by:

Moshe Semyonov, Tel Aviv University, Israel

Reviewed by:

Dina Maskileyson, Universität zu Köln, Germany
Rebeca Raijman, University of Haifa, Israel  

Copyright: © 2018 Amit and Chachashvili-Bolotin. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Prof. Karin Amit, Ruppin Academic Center, Hadera, Israel,