Original Research ARTICLE
Promoting effect of cerium oxide on the catalytic performance of yttrium oxide for oxidative coupling of methane
- 1Nagoya Institute of Technology, Japan
The promoting effect of CeO2 on the catalytic performance of Y2O3, which is moderately active catalyst, for the oxidative coupling of methane (OCM) reaction was investigated. The addition of CeO2 into Y2O3 by coprecipitation method caused a significant increase in not only CH4 conversion but also C2 (C2H6/C2H4) selectivity in the OCM reaction. C2 yield at 750 C was increased from 5.6% on Y2O3 to 10.2% on 3 mol% CeO2/Y2O3. Further increase in the CeO2 loading caused an increase in non-selective oxidation of CH4 to CO2. A good correlation between the catalytic activity for the OCM reaction and the amount of H2 consumption for the reduction of surface/subsurface oxygen species in the H2-TPR profile was observed, suggesting the possibility that highly dispersed CeO2 particles act as catalytically active sites in the OCM reaction. The 16O/18O isotopic exchange reaction suggested that the beneficial role of CeO2 in the OCM reaction is to promote the formation of active oxygen species via the simple hetero-exchange mechanism, resulting in the promotion of CH4 activation.
Keywords: Oxidative coupling of methane, Cerium oxide, yttrium oxide, 16O/18O isotopic exchange, H2-TPR
Received: 17 Jul 2018;
Accepted: 06 Nov 2018.
Edited by:Cristina Artini, Università di Genova, Italy
Copyright: © 2018 Haneda, Katsuragawa and Nakamura. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Prof. Masaaki Haneda, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Nagoya, Japan, firstname.lastname@example.org