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Review ARTICLE Provisionally accepted The full-text will be published soon. Notify me

Front. Chem. | doi: 10.3389/fchem.2019.00725

Tunable-deformed Graphene layers for Actuation

  • 1Beijing Institute of Technology, China
  • 2University of Michigan, United States

Benefiting from unique planar structure, high flexibility, splendid thermal and electric properties, graphene as a crucial component has been widely applied into smart materials and multi-stimulus responsive actuators. Moreover, the graphene with features of easy processing and modification can be decorated with various functional groups through covalent or non-covalent bond, which is promising in conversion of environmental energy from single and/or multi-stimuli to mechanical energy. In this review, we present the actuating behaviors of graphene regulated by chemical bonds or intermolecular forces under multi-stimulus, and summarize the recent advances on account of the unique nanostructures in various actuation circumstances such as thermal, humidity, electrochemical, electro-/photo-thermal, and other stimuli.

Keywords: Graphene, Actuation application, Structrual regulation, Surface modification, Environmental stimulus

Received: 17 Jul 2019; Accepted: 10 Oct 2019.

Copyright: © 2019 Wang, Xiao, Cecen, Shao, Zhao and Qu. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Prof. Yang Zhao, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing, 100081, Beijing Municipality, China, yzhao@bit.edu.cn