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Himalayan Climate Interactions

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Front. Environ. Sci. | doi: 10.3389/fenvs.2018.00030

Mass Balance Status of Indian Himalayan Glaciers: A brief review

  • 1Sharda University, India
  • 2School of Environmental Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, India

Glacier mass balance is the direct and undelayed response to climate change and hence it is one of the essential variables required for climate system monitoring. This paper presents a brief review of the glacier mass balance status and their analysis under the changing climate in the Indian Himalayan Region (IHR). The reported results of mass balance in the region give the view of continuous negative mass balance with few exceptions for a year or two reflecting the overall negative mass balance with increasing trend in recent decades. This has coordination with continuous increasing pattern of temperature and decreasing (few not significant) pattern of precipitation. The continuous negative mass balance and rising temperature in the region clearly indicate the impact of warming in reducing the storage of snow and ice in the region with the future implication of shortage of fresh water availability in the snow-glacier fed river system. This will have further implication to the downstream communities for their livelihood.

Keywords: Glacier mass balance, temperature trend, precipitation trend, Indian Himalayan Region, Climate Change

Received: 28 Feb 2018; Accepted: 03 May 2018.

Edited by:

Yuhua Duan, National Energy Technology Laboratory (DOE), United States

Reviewed by:

Xander Wang, University of Prince Edward Island, Canada
Keling Zhang, Cristal (United States), United States
Brenda C. Alcántar-Vázquez, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico  

Copyright: © 2018 Singh, Kumar and Dimri. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Prof. Rajesh Kumar, Sharda University, Greater Noida, India, rajeshkrsh.in@gmail.com