REVIEW article

Front. Environ. Sci.
Sec. Conservation and Restoration Ecology
doi: 10.3389/fenvs.2022.942788

MAPPING THE RESTORATION OF DEGRADED PEATLAND AS A FIELD OF RESEARCH AREA: A SCIENTOMETRIC REVIEW

 Samuel Obeng Apori1, 2*, Douglas Mcmillan3, 4, Michelle Giltrap2, 4 and Furong Tian2, 5*
  • 1Environmental Sustainability and Health Institute, Technological University Dublin, City Campus, Grangegorman, D07ADY7, Ireland
  • 2School of Food Science Environmental Health, Technological University Dublin, City Campus, Grangegorman., Ireland
  • 3School of Food Science and Environmental Health, College of Sciences and Health, Dublin Institute of Technology, Ireland
  • 4Green Restoration Ireland Cooperative Society Ltd, Whitebutts, Killeshin Road, R93 K883, Ireland
  • 5FOCAS Research Institute, Technological University Dublin, City Campus,, Ireland
Provisionally accepted:
The final, formatted version of the article will be published soon.

Degraded peatland reduced many ecosystem services such as water quality and quantity, biodiversity, carbon storage, climate regulations and other cultural benefits. Therefore, several initiatives for the restoration of degraded peatland (RDP) have been attempted to restore the ecosystem processes, productivity and services of the degraded peatland to its original natural condition. Notwithstanding the popularity of RDP research among researchers and industry practitioners, a quantitative technique to map a comprehensive survey of the intellectual core and the general body landscape of knowledge on RDP research does not exist. In this study, a scientometric analysis was employed to analyze 522 documents using VOSviewer and CiteSpace. The Web of Science database was used to retrieve bibliographic records using the advanced search “TS (topic) =(‘drained peatland restoration’ OR ‘drained bog restoration’ OR ‘drained mire restoration’ OR degraded peatland restoration’ OR ‘degraded bog restoration’ OR ‘drained peatland reclamation’ OR ‘drained bog restoration’ OR ‘degraded peatland reclamation’ OR ‘degraded bog reclamation’ OR ‘drained mire restoration’ OR ‘degraded mire reclamation’ OR ‘degraded fen restoration’ OR ‘drained fen reclamation’). The outcome sought to provide relevant information in RDP research such as (i) publication trend (ii) research outlet (iii) most influential keywords (iv) most influential institutions and authors (v) top influential countries active in RDP research. In addition, four clusters were identified for ascertaining the central theme of RDP research in which cluster one is linked to the central research theme-“impact of drainage on peatland ecosystem services; cluster two focused on the impact of peatland restoration on greenhouse gas emissions; cluster three is associated with peatland restoration and biogeochemical properties and cluster four is related to peatland restoration and species richness. A new research hotspot such as soil respiration was identified via the keywords with the strongest citation bursts. This study will provide the various stakeholders such as industry, journal editors, policymakers and researchers instinctive understanding of the research status and the development frontier of RDP research.

Keywords: Peatland restoration, Degraded peatland, Scientometric, Publication trend analysis, greenhouse gas, Drainage

Received: 13 May 2022; Accepted: 04 Jul 2022.

Copyright: © 2022 Apori, Mcmillan, Giltrap and Tian. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence:
Mr. Samuel Obeng Apori, Environmental Sustainability and Health Institute, Technological University Dublin, City Campus, Grangegorman, D07ADY7, Dublin, Ireland
Dr. Furong Tian, FOCAS Research Institute, Technological University Dublin, City Campus,, Dublin, Ireland