Conceptual Analysis ARTICLE
Communal Coping with Health Problems
- 1UCLA Semel Institute for Neuroscience & Human Behavior, Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, United States
- 2University of Arizona, United States
Prior to the 1990s, the predominant view of stress and coping defined stress as occurring when an individual perceives a situation as a challenge, threat, or loss and evaluates her capacity to respond based on her available resources. As an expansion of this intrapersonal perspective, the last twenty years have seen the emergence of two prominent interpersonal perspectives on stress and coping that account for the importance of social relationships in the coping process: the Systemic Transactional Model of dyadic coping and communal coping. In this article, I outline these two perspectives and highlight their points of convergence and divergence. I propose that one difference between the models is that communal coping involves an explicit focus on a communal orientation or shared appraisal process, in which relationship partners view a problem or stressor as “ours” rather than “yours” or “mine”. I review existing methods for assessing communal coping (e.g., self-report, language use, behavioral observation) across laboratory, intervention, and real-world settings and summarize empirical evidence for the prognostic significance of communal coping for relationship and health functioning. I propose the utility of incorporating measurement of communal orientation into future research on dyadic coping with stress, because of its potential to impact health through its influence on primary and secondary stress appraisal processes and physiological stress response systems. Finally, I outline biological and behavioral pathways through which communal coping may influence health as directions for future research.
Keywords: stress, coping, close relationships, couples, physical health, chronic illness
Received: 20 Jun 2018;
Accepted: 11 Feb 2019.
Edited by:Mariana K. Falconier, Virginia Tech, United States
Reviewed by:Eran Bar-Kalifa, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
Vicki Helgeson, Carnegie Mellon University, United States
Copyright: © 2019 Rentscher. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Dr. Kelly E. Rentscher, UCLA Semel Institute for Neuroscience & Human Behavior, Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, Los Angeles, CA 90095, California, United States, firstname.lastname@example.org