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Original Research ARTICLE Provisionally accepted The full-text will be published soon. Notify me

Front. Public Health | doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2019.00204

Gaps in medical students’ competencies to deal with intimate partner violence in key Mozambican medical schools

  • 1Faculty of Medicine, Eduardo Mondlane University, Mozambique
  • 2Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Belgium
  • 3International Centre for Reproductive Health (ICRH), Ghent University, Belgium
  • 4Ghent University, Belgium

Purpose: This research seeks to identify the gaps in competencies designed to help medical students to deal with Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in key Mozambican medical schools curricula. Method: A survey was administered to 3rd- and 6th-year medical students (N387), enrolled in five medical schools in Mozambique. The instrument focused on mapping students’ perceived mastery of their knowledge, skills and attitudes related to IPV. Results: In total, 387 medical students (RR 66%) participated in the survey. The overall mean perceived mastery of IPV competence was 36.18 (SD=24.52) for knowledge, 32.01 (SD=27.37) for skills and 43.47 (SD=27.58) for attitudes. Though 6th-year students reported a significantly higher mastery level, it is still below a mastery-learning benchmark of 80%. Conclusions: Medical students report critically low levels in their mastery of IPV- related competencies. This implies a need for a more comprehensive approach to developing knowledge, skills and attitudes to deal with the victims of IPV.

Keywords: Medical students, competencies, Medical curricula, Intimate Partner Violence (IPV), Mozambique

Received: 09 Mar 2019; Accepted: 09 Jul 2019.

Edited by:

Sunjoo Kang, Yonsei University, South Korea

Reviewed by:

Larry K. Olsen, Logan University, United States
Patricia S. Martins, Independent researcher, Brazil  

Copyright: © 2019 Manuel, Roelens, Tiago, Keygnaert and Valcke. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Dr. Beatriz Manuel, Faculty of Medicine, Eduardo Mondlane University, Maputo, Mozambique, chonguile@gmail.com