Original Research ARTICLE
Awareness and knowledge of physical activity guidelines in young adult men
- 1National Defence University, Finland
- 2UKK Institute, Finland
- 3Finnish Defence Forces, Finland
- 4Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland
Background: There are only a few studies that have assessed awareness and knowledge regarding aerobic type of physical activity (PA) guidelinesrecommendations, while no previous studies have examined muscular type of activity recommendationsguidelines. The aim was to assess knowledge and awareness and study the associations with demographic variables and physical activity and fitness.
Methods: Participants were 776 young (age 26±7 yrs.) men. Awareness and knowledge of PA recommendationguidelines were assessed by prompted questionnaires together with demographic variables and physical activity. In addition, physical fitness was measured.
Results: Forty percent of the participants reported being aware of the present physical activity recommendationguidelines. Moreover, 7 % correctly identified the recommendations for moderate aerobic physical activity and 25 % for muscular type of activityfitness, and . In addition, 4 % correctly identified both aerobic and muscular activityfitness recommendations.
Being aware of the PA recommendations was associated with being married or partnered, having higher education level and being more physically active during leisure-time (p<0.05). Individuals with no awareness of the recommendations had lower results in cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness compared to those being aware (p<0.05). Being married or partnered was positively associated with the knowledge of the muscular activity recommendations (p<0.05). Moreover, the individuals with correct knowledge of the PA recommendations had higher levels of muscular fitness (p<0.05).
Marital status, education level, leisure-time physical activity and physical fitness were associated with awareness of the guidelines. Furthermore, physical fitness was associated with the knowledge of both moderate aerobic type of physical activity and muscular type of activity guidelines.
Conclusion: A low number of individuals are aware or know the present physical activity recommendationsguidelines among young adult men. Therefore, more vigorous attempts to promote physical activity recommendationsguidelines are needed.
Keywords: knowledge, Awareness, Aerobic physical activity, muscular type of physical activity, physical activity guidelines
Received: 08 Jun 2019;
Accepted: 11 Oct 2019.
Copyright: © 2019 Vaara, Vasankari, Koski and Kyröläinen. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: PhD. Jani P. Vaara, National Defence University, Helsinki, 00861, Uusimaa, Finland, email@example.com