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Front. Chem.
Sec. Analytical Chemistry
Volume 12 - 2024 | doi: 10.3389/fchem.2024.1410136
This article is part of the Research Topic Spectroscopic Analysis of Nanostructured Systems in Chemistry View all articles

Synthesis of the modified SBA-15 mesoporous silica with TAN ligand to preconcentrate and determine trace amounts of Ni (II) ions in water and wastewater samples

Provisionally accepted
Ali Mirabi Ali Mirabi 1*Taha Amouzad Mahdirajeh Taha Amouzad Mahdirajeh 2Mohammad H. Juybari Mohammad H. Juybari 2Hamid R. Jalilian Hamid R. Jalilian 2Ramin Z. Mehrabian Ramin Z. Mehrabian 2
  • 1 Qaemshahr Islamic Azad University, Qā’em Shahr, Iran
  • 2 Islamic Azad University of Gorgan, Gorgan, Golestan, Iran

The final, formatted version of the article will be published soon.

    The synthesis of modified mesoporous silica (SBA-15), a powerful and highly effective adsorbent, was provided for the preconcentration, extraction, separation, and determination of trace amounts of Ni (II) ions. In this method, SBA-15 modified with 1-(2-Thiazolylazo)-2naphthol (TAN) was used as a suitable absorbent. The absorption of Ni (II) ions was studied using FAAS technique. TEM, TGA, BET, EDS, FT-IR, and CHNS elemental analysis techniques were used to assess the characteristics of SBA-15 and TAN/SBA-15. Effective parameters (pH, amount of nanocomposite, extraction time, and type of recovery solvent) for extracting Ni (II) ions via TAN/SBA-15 were investigated. The merit figures of the method were obtained with appropriate results, such as detection limit, accuracy, enrichment factor, and preconcentration factor. The calibration curve was linear within the range of 5.0-50 ng mL -1 with a detection limit of 1.8 ng mL -1 . High preconcentration, small relative standard deviations, and enrichment factors (about 100) were represented by the statistical analysis. The proposed method for measuring Ni (II) ions was used at trace levels in real samples such as sea water, river water, well water, wastewater from textile factory, wastewater from an electrical power station, wastewater from an MDF factory and wastewater from a food industrial company with satisfactory results.

    Keywords: Nickel preconcentration, TAN/ SBA-15, modification, mesoporous, silica

    Received: 31 Mar 2024; Accepted: 17 Jun 2024.

    Copyright: © 2024 Mirabi, Amouzad Mahdirajeh, Juybari, Jalilian and Mehrabian. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

    * Correspondence: Ali Mirabi, Qaemshahr Islamic Azad University, Qā’em Shahr, Iran

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