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Front. Environ. Sci. | doi: 10.3389/fenvs.2019.00021

THE HISTORY IF IDEAS OF EMPIRICAL DOWNSCALING – from synoptic dynamics and spatial interpolation

  • 1Helmholtz Centre for Materials and Coastal Research (HZG), Germany
  • 2Institute of Coastal Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Germany

The history of ideas, which lead to the now matured concept of empirical downscaling, with various technical procedures, is rooted in two concepts, that of synoptic climatology and that of spatial interpolation in a phase space. In the former case, the basic idea is to estimate from a synoptic weather map the regional details, and to assemble these details into a regional climatology. In the other approach, a shortcut is made, in that samples of (monthly, seasonal or annual) large-scale dynamical statistics (i.e., climate) are linked to a sample of local statistics of some variables of interest.

Keywords: downscaling, spatial interpolation, synoptic dynamics, History of ideas, Empirical downscaling

Received: 24 Sep 2018; Accepted: 05 Feb 2019.

Edited by:

Raquel Nieto, University of Vigo, Spain

Reviewed by:

Enrique Sanchez, University of Castilla La Mancha, Spain
Kei Yoshimura, The University of Tokyo, Japan  

Copyright: © 2019 von Storch and Zorita. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Dr. Hans von Storch, Helmholtz Centre for Materials and Coastal Research (HZG), Geesthacht, Germany,