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This article is part of the Research Topic

Dyadic Coping

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Front. Psychol. | doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00487

A Dyadic Approach to Understanding Associations between Job Stress, Marital Quality, and Dyadic Coping for Dual-Career Couples in Iran

  • 1University of Hormozgan, Iran
  • 2Arizona State University, United States

Balancing work and family is one of the important challenges and stressors facing dual-career couples, especially for couples in Iran due to the changing sociopolitical climate. Moreover, the experience of this stress can affect partners’ martial quality. Recent studies have shown the positive impact of dyadic coping on coping with stress; however, there is a dearth of literature on understanding how supportive dyadic coping may have a positive impact on work-family stress, specifically in Iran which has a different cultural and social context compared to Western cultures wherein most research in this field has been conducted. Using a sample of 206 heterosexual dual-career couples from Iran, this study examines the associations between job stress and marital quality, and possible moderating effects of supportive dyadic coping. As predicted, job stress was negatively associated with marital quality and supportive dyadic coping moderated the association between these variables. Furthermore, we found gender differences in the associations between job stress and marital quality; women who experienced greater job stress also reported lower marital quality. The findings shed light on the possible beneficial effects of teaching supportive and common dyadic coping techniques to dual-career couples in Iran.

Keywords: Job stress, Dual-career couples, Dyadic coping, Marital quality, work-family conflict.

Received: 21 Jun 2018; Accepted: 19 Feb 2019.

Edited by:

Gianluca Castelnuovo, University Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Italy

Reviewed by:

Sara Molgora, University Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Italy
Tanja Zimmermann, Hannover Medical School, Germany  

Copyright: © 2019 Fallahchai, Fallahi and Randall. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Dr. Reza Fallahchai, University of Hormozgan, BandarAbbas, Iran, r.fallahchai@hormozgan.ac.ir