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This article is part of the Research Topic

The Role of Recovery Capital in Growth from Trauma

Original Research ARTICLE Provisionally accepted The full-text will be published soon. Notify me

Front. Psychol. | doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00637

Recovery after genocide: Understanding the dimensions of recovery capital among incarcerated genocide perpetrators in Rwanda

 Kevin Barnes-Ceeney1*,  Lior Gideon2, Laurie Leitch3 and Kento Yasuhara1
  • 1University of New Haven, United States
  • 2John Jay College of Criminal Justice, United States
  • 3Threshold GlobalWorks, LLC, United States

Utilizing survey data from 302 men and women incarcerated in the Rwandan correctional system for the crime of genocide, and structured interviews with 75 prisoners, this mixed methods study draws on the concept of recovery capital to understand how individuals convicted of genocide navigate post-genocide healing. Genocide smashes physical and human capital and perverts social and cultural capital. Experiencing high levels of posttraumatic stress symptoms with more than two-thirds of the sample scoring above typical civilian cut-off levels, raised levels of depression, and high levels of anxiety, and failing physical health, the genocide perpetrators require multiple sources of recovery capital to foster internal resilience as they look forward to rebuilding their own lives.

Keywords: Genocide, Rwanda, Trauma, posttraumatic stress, Recovery capital

Received: 19 Jun 2018; Accepted: 07 Mar 2019.

Edited by:

Changiz Mohiyeddini, Northeastern University, United States

Reviewed by:

Florian Junne, Tübingen University Hospital, Germany
Gila Amitay, Max Stern Academic College of Emek Yezreel, Israel  

Copyright: © 2019 Barnes-Ceeney, Gideon, Leitch and Yasuhara. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Dr. Kevin Barnes-Ceeney, University of New Haven, West Haven, United States,