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Original Research ARTICLE Provisionally accepted The full-text will be published soon. Notify me

Front. Psychol. | doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01977

Interrelationships between Ethical Leadership, Green Psychological Climate, and Organizational Environmental Citizenship Behavior: The Moderating Role of Gender

  • 1Jiangsu University, China
  • 2COMSATS University Islamabad, Lahore Campus, Pakistan
  • 3Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan

Synthesizing theories of ethical leadership, psychological climate, pro-environmental behavior, and gender, first, we proposed and tested a model linking supervisors’ ethical leadership and organizational environmental citizenship behavior via green psychological climate. Then we tested the moderating effect of gender on the indirect (via green psychological environment) relationship between supervisors’ ethical leadership and organizational environmental citizenship behavior. Time-lagged (three waves, two months apart) survey data were collected from 447 employees in various manufacturing and service sector firms operating in China. Data were analyzed using structural equation modeling, bootstrapping, and multi-group technique to test the hypothesized relationships. The results showed a positive relationship between employee ratings of supervisors’ ethical leadership and organizational environmental citizenship behavior. Moreover, green psychological climate mediates the relationship between supervisors’ ethical leadership and organizational environmental citizenship behavior. Importantly, the multi-group analysis revealed that gender moderates the indirect relationship (via green psychological climate) between supervisors’ ethical leadership and organizational environmental citizenship behavior. The study carries useful practical implications for policymakers and managers concerned about environmental sustainability.

Keywords: Ethical Leadership, Green psychological climate, Organizational environmental citizenship behavior, gender, China

Received: 30 May 2019; Accepted: 13 Aug 2019.

Copyright: © 2019 Khan, Ali, Usman, Saleem and Jianguo. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Prof. Du Jianguo, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, 212013, Jiangsu Province, China, dujianguo@yahoo.com