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Original Research ARTICLE Provisionally accepted The full-text will be published soon. Notify me

Front. Psychol. | doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01978

The complex interplay between emotion regulation and work rumination on exhaustion

  • 1Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden
  • 2Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden

This study examined the interplay between emotion regulation strategies (reappraisal and suppression) and work-related rumination (affective work rumination and detachment from work) on exhaustion. In all, 1,985 participants from three human service occupations (psychologists, teachers, and ministers) completed the web-based survey. The results showed that reappraisal and detachment from work had a negative relation to exhaustion, whereas the relation between suppression and affective work rumination to exhaustion were positively directed. Moreover, results of mediation analyses showed that the associations between emotion regulation strategies and exhaustion were mediated by work-ruminative tendencies. However, results of moderation analyses did not support that work-ruminative tendencies have a conditional effect (i.e., moderate) on the relationship between emotion regulation strategies and exhaustion. The results suggest that work-ruminative tendencies are best understood as a mediator of the emotion regulation strategies – exhaustion relationship. Thus, the study contribute to the understanding of the strategies (and combination of strategies) people use to reduce exhaustion by adding novel insights into the role of person characteristics in the recovery process. We discuss our results in relation to previous research, provide recommendations for future research, and note possible practical implications.

Keywords: Emotion Regulation, Work rumination, Detachment from work, exhaustion, Mediation, Moderation

Received: 15 May 2019; Accepted: 13 Aug 2019.

Edited by:

Marinella Coco, Department of Biomedical and Biotechnological Sciences, University of Catania, Italy

Reviewed by:

Mark Cropley, University of Surrey, United Kingdom
Paul Jimenez, University of Graz, Austria
Gunne Grankvist, University West, Sweden  

Copyright: © 2019 Geisler, Buratti and Allwood. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: PhD. Martin Geisler, University of Gothenburg, Department of Psychology, Gothenburg, Sweden, martin.geisler@psy.gu.se