Original Research ARTICLE
Family Risk Factors Associated with Oppositional Defiant Disorder Symptoms, Depressive Symptoms, and Aggressive Behaviors among Chinese Children with Oppositional Defiant Disorder
- 1Beijing Normal University, China
- 2Faculty of Psychology, Institute of Developmental Psychology, Beijing Normal University, China
- 3University of Virginia, United States
- 4Department of Psychology, College and Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, University of Virginia, United States
- 5School of Kinesiology and Health, Capital Institute of Physical Education and Sports, China
- 6Institute of Developmental Psychology, Beijing Normal University, China
- 7Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, United States
- 8Department of Psychology, School of Education, Guangzhou University, China
- 9Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Macau, China
Family factors including parent emotion dysregulation and harsh parenting practices place children at high risk for malfunctioning in emotion regulation, depressive symptoms and aggressive behaviors. This study investigated the associations among parent emotion dysregulation, harsh parenting practices (i.e., emotional abuse and corporal punishment), and child emotion regulation and child oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms, and co-occurring depressive symptoms and aggressive behaviors. Participants were 239 parent-child dyads from 14 primary schools in Mainland China. All children were diagnosed with ODD. Parent emotion dysregulation, harsh parenting practices, child emotion regulation were reported by parents; child ODD symptoms were reported by parents and teachers; child depressive symptoms were reported by children; child aggressive behaviors were reported by teachers. Data indicated that parent emotion dysregulation was related to child ODD symptoms in the home and depressive symptoms indirectly through harsh parenting practices and child emotion regulation. Harsh parenting practices were related to child ODD symptoms in the home directly and indirectly through child emotion regulation. Moreover, emotional abuse was associated with child depressive symptoms directly and indirectly through child emotion regulation. Our findings highlighted the need for prevention and intervention targeting parent emotion dysregulation and harsh parenting practices among children with ODD.
Keywords: parent emotion dysregulation, Harsh parenting practices, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Child depressive symptoms, Child aggressive behaviors, Descriptive survey study
Received: 21 Mar 2019;
Accepted: 26 Aug 2019.
Copyright: © 2019 Lin, Li, Xu, Ding, Zhou, Du and Chi. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Prof. Shousen Xu, School of Kinesiology and Health, Capital Institute of Physical Education and Sports, Beijing, China, firstname.lastname@example.org