Original Research ARTICLE
When do employees speak up under job stressors? Exploring the potential U-shaped relationship between hindrance stressors and voice behavior
- 1Renmin University of China, China
- 2Fourth Military Medical University, China
Drawing upon the conservation of resources theory, we intend to examine the relationships between voice behaviors and job stressors. Specifically, we propose a nonlinear relationship between hindrance stressors and prohibitive and promotive voice behaviors. Furthermore, we argue that challenge stressors moderate the nonlinear relationship between hindrance stressors and voice behaviors. Based on a sample of 361 employees in China, our results indicate that the relationship between hindrance stressors and prohibitive and promotive voice is U-shaped. The relationships between challenge stressors and prohibitive and promotive voice are linearly positive. Moreover, challenge stressors moderate the relationships between hindrance stressors and voice behaviors, thus, when challenge stressors were high, hindrance stressors are negatively linear related to prohibitive & promotive voice behaviors, and when challenge stressors are low, hindrance stressors are curvilinearly related to prohibitive and promotive voice behaviors. The theoretical and practical implications of these results are discussed.
Keywords: Hindrance stressors, Challenge stressors, Promotive voice, Prohibitive voice, Conservation of resources theory
Received: 29 Mar 2019;
Accepted: 01 Oct 2019.
Copyright: © 2019 Wang, Zhou, Yang and Luo. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Prof. Zhengxue Luo, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, China, Luohan@fmmu.edu.cn