Original Research ARTICLE
Validation of the Japanese version of the multidimensional measure of family supportive supervisor behaviors (FSSB-J)
- 1Department of Public Health, Kitasato University School of Medicine, Japan
- 2Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard School of Public Health, United States
- 3Department of Gerontological Home-Care & Long-term Care Nursing, Division of Health Sciences & Nursing, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Japan
- 4Keio Research Institute, Keio University Shonan Fujisawa Campus, Japan
- 5Faculty of Policy Management, Keio University, Japan
Objective: The aim of the current study was to validate the Japanese version of the family supportive supervisor behaviors (FSSB-J) measure. FSSB is conceptualized as a multidimensional, superordinate construct constituted of four dimensions; emotional support, instrumental support, role modeling behaviors, and creative work-family management.
Methods: The Japanese translated and back-translated FSSB-J questionnaire was administered to 1,670 men and women aged 20–59 who were registered with a Japanese online survey company in November 2017. The data were then divided into independent explorative and confirmative samples. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were performed to evaluate the factorial validity of the FSSB-J. Construct validity was assessed with the potential consequences of FSSB (e.g., work-family spillover, work engagement, intention to leave, job satisfaction, and psychological distress) and convergent validity was assessed using similar concepts (e.g., organizational justice and social support). Internal consistency and test-retest reliability was examined to evaluate the reliability of the four dimensions of the FSSB.
Results: An exploratory factor analysis extracted a two-factor solution. A series of confirmatory factor analyses revealed that the four-factor model fitted the data best. Construct and convergent validity were generally in line with our expectations. Cronbach’s α coefficient and test-retest reliability were sufficient for each of the four dimensions of the FSSB.
Conclusions: This study suggests that FSSB-J is an adequate measure of FSSB in the Japanese context.
Keywords: Workplace, Psychosocial factor, Japan, supervisor behavior, Work life balance, scale validation
Received: 22 Jul 2019;
Accepted: 07 Nov 2019.
Copyright: © 2019 Eguchi, Kachi, K. Koga, Sakka, Tokita and Shimazu. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: MD, PhD. Hisashi Eguchi, Department of Public Health, Kitasato University School of Medicine, Sagamihara, Japan, email@example.com