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Front. Chem. | doi: 10.3389/fchem.2019.00365

Molecular orbital insights of transition metal-stabilized carbocations

  • 1University of Arizona, United States

Transition metal-stabilized carbocations are characterized by synthetically valuable interactions, yet there are no comprehensive reports of the many bonding modes that can exist between a metal and carbocation. This review summarizes developments in these metal complexes to provide a clear picture of their properties and reactivities; in order to strategically exploit them, we propose this summary of the different bonding modes for transition metal-carbocation complexes. These models will help chemists understand the orbital interactions involved in these compounds so that they can approach their synthetic goals most effectively. Multiple transition metals and carbocations will be discussed

Keywords: Metal complexes, Bonding model, metal – carbocation interaction, carbocation, Z type ligand

Received: 21 Feb 2019; Accepted: 02 May 2019.

Edited by:

Luís D. Carlos, University of Aveiro, Portugal

Reviewed by:

Ahmed A. Al-Amiery, National University of Malaysia, Malaysia
Domenica Scarano, Department of Chemistry, School of Nature Sciences, University of Turin, Italy  

Copyright: © 2019 Gianetti, Mei and Goodman. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Prof. Thomas L. Gianetti, University of Arizona, Tucson, United States, tgianetti@email.arizona.edu