Mini Review ARTICLE
Silicon Quantum Dots: Synthesis, Encapsulation and Application in Light Emitting Diodes
- 1Solution Chemistry of Advanced Materials and Technologies Laboratory, ITMO University, Russia
- 2Institute for the Study of Nanostructured Materials, Italian National Research Council, Italy
Silicon quantum dots (SiQDs), are semiconductor Si nanoparticles ranging from 1 to 10 nm, hold great applicative potential as optoelectronic devices and fluorescent bio-marking agents due to their ability to fluoresce blue red light. Their biocompatibility, compared to conventional toxic Group II-VI and III-V metal-based quantum dots, makes their practical utilization even more attractive to prevent environmental pollution and harm to living organisms. This work focuses on their possible use for light-emitting diode (LED) manufacturing. Summarizing the main achievements over the past few years concerning different Si quantum dot synthetic methods, LED formation, characteristics and strategies for their stabilization by microencapsulation and modification of their surface by specific ligands, this work aims to provide guidance en route to development of the first stable Si-based light-emitting diodes.
Keywords: Silicon quantum dots, Synthesis method, fluorescence, quantum yield, microencapsulation, light-emitting diodes
Received: 13 Nov 2019;
Accepted: 02 Mar 2020.
Copyright: © 2020 Morozova, Alikina, Vinogradov and Pagliaro. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Dr. Sofia Morozova, Solution Chemistry of Advanced Materials and Technologies Laboratory, ITMO University, Saint Petersburg, Russia, email@example.com