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Editorial ARTICLE

Front. Chem., 04 September 2020 | https://doi.org/10.3389/fchem.2020.00675

Editorial: Metal Hydride-Based Energy Storage and Conversion Materials

Yongfeng Liu1*, Hai-Wen Li2* and Zhenguo Huang3*
  • 1State Key Laboratory of Silicon Materials, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China
  • 2Platform of Inter/Transdisciplinary Energy Research, International Research Center for Hydrogen Energy, International Institute for Carbon-Neutral Energy Research, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan
  • 3School of Civil & Environmental Engineering, University of Technology Sydney, Ultimo, NSW, Australia

Energy storage and conversion materials are of critical importance in the development and utilization of new renewable clean energies (Li et al., 2016). Hydrogen, as an ideal energy carrier that can be transportable, storable, and convertible, has the potential to become a solution to energy security, resource availability, and environmental compatibility (Martin et al., 2020). Storing hydrogen in a safe, effective and economic way, however, is a great challenge in the development of a hydrogen-based economy, because of the extremely low volumetric density (0.0899 kg m−3) at ambient condition (Schlapbach and Züttel, 2001). Compared to pressurizing gaseous or liquefying hydrogen, storing hydrogen in metal hydride has definite advantages in terms of gravimetric and volumetric density, safety, and energy efficiency, for both mobile and stationary applications (Wu, 2008; He et al., 2019; Ouyang et al., 2020). Criteria developed by the US Department of Energy (DOE) for onboard hydrogen storage for light-duty fuel cell vehicles include 6.5 wt% of systematic gravimetric density and 50 kg H2 m−3 of volumetric density along with other stringent properties such as operating temperature (<85°C), extended cycle-life, fast kinetics, safety, and cost. Therefore, in the last decade tremendous efforts have been devoted to the research and development of light metal hydrides, including MgH2, alanates, borohydrides, amides/imides, which hold sufficiently high hydrogen capacity (Orimo et al., 2007; Hansen et al., 2016; Yu et al., 2017; Liu et al., 2018; Schneemann et al., 2018; Zhou et al., 2019; Hirscher et al., 2020).

This special issue of Metal Hydride-Based Energy Storage and Conversion Materials is focused on the synthesis, catalyst development, and nano-structuring of light metal hydrides (MgH2, AlH3, NaAlH4, and LiBH4) as hydrogen storage media. The eight contributions to this special issue highlight that metal hydrides are promising candidates for high density hydrogen storage.

Catalysts prove effective in reducing the reaction energy barriers for hydrogen absorption and desorption in Mg-based materials. Ding et al. report the catalytic activity of Co-Ni nanocatalyst with different compositions and morphology for hydrogen storage reaction of MgH2. The partial replacement of Ni by Co induced a change in the morphology from spherical to plate-like, which is found to be less effective toward catalytic activity, presumably due to reduced surface contact. Zeng et al. prepared Ni and TiO2 co-anchored on reduced graphene oxide [(Ni-TiO2)@rGO], which showed superior catalytic effects on the hydrogen desorption, as evidenced by the release of 1.47 wt% H2 by MgH2 within 120 min at 225°C. Wang and Deng ameliorated the performance of MgH2 by using a core-shell Co@N-rich carbon (CoNC) based catalyst. In their work, the MgH2-5 wt% CoNCo composites released up to 6.58 wt% of H2 in 5 min at 325°C. Liu Y. et al. present that Pd-decorated Mg nanoparticles, ranging from 40 to 70 nm, started releasing H2 at 216.8°C and absorbed 3.0 wt% hydrogen in 2 h at 50°C. In addition, Wu et al. investigated the effects of CeH2.73/CeO2 composites on the desorption properties of Mg2NiH4. The onset dehydrogenation temperature and activation energy of Mg2NiH4 were largely reduced when CeH2.73/CeO2 composite with the same molar ratio of hydride and oxide were used as a catalyst.

Zhang et al. reported highly stable catalytic activity of amorphous-carbon-supported TiB2 nanoparticles with sizes of 2–4 nm (nano-TiB2@C) for hydrogen storage in NaAlH4. They observed 5.04 wt% of hydrogen released at 140°C within 60 min, and complete hydrogenation at 100°C within 25 min under a hydrogen pressure of 100 bar. The stable catalytic function was closely related to the in-situ formed Ti–Al alloy, which facilitated the dissociation and formation of H–H and Al–H bonds, respectively. Liu H. et al. reported wet chemical synthesis of non-solvated rod-like α'-AlH3, which releases 7.7 wt% H2 at 120–200°C. In addition, Fan et al. synthesized a flexible, water-resistant, and air-stable hydrogen storage material (PMMA-LiBH4/GMF), which consists of LiBH4 nanoparticles confined by poly (methylmethacrylate) (PMMA) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) modified melamine foam (GMF). Interestingly, the onset dehydrogenation temperature of PMMA-LiBH4/GMF was reduced to 94°C and desorbed 2.9 wt% hydrogen within 25 min at 250°C. This simple preparation process sheds light on how to improve the performance of LiBH4-based hydrogen storage materials.

As the Guest Editors of this topic issue, we would like to thank all the authors for their contributions and all the referees for their thoughtful suggestions and insights. We hope this special issue will inspire research and interest in light metal hydrides for hydrogen storage, and that future endeavors will contribute to the realization of a hydrogen economy that is sustainable and environmentally friendly.

Author Contributions

All authors listed have made a substantial, direct and intellectual contribution to the work, and approved it for publication.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.

Acknowledgments

YL acknowledges financial support from the National Key R&D Program of China grant 2018YFB1502102, the National Natural Science Foundation of China grants 51671172 and U1601212, and the National Youth Top-Notch Talent Support Program. H-WL is grateful to the support from the JSPS KAKENHI (grant 18H01738). ZH acknowledges support under the Australian Research Council's Discovery Projects funding scheme (project number DP170101773).

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Keywords: metal hydrides, complex hydrides, energy storage, hydrogen storage, catalysis

Citation: Liu Y, Li H-W and Huang Z (2020) Editorial: Metal Hydride-Based Energy Storage and Conversion Materials. Front. Chem. 8:675. doi: 10.3389/fchem.2020.00675

Received: 13 May 2020; Accepted: 29 June 2020;
Published: 04 September 2020.

Edited and reviewed by: Nosang Vincent Myung, University of California, Riverside, United States

Copyright © 2020 Liu, Li and Huang. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

*Correspondence: Yongfeng Liu, mselyf@zju.edu.cn; Hai-Wen Li, li.haiwen.666@kyudai.jp; Zhenguo Huang, zhenguo.huang@uts.edu.au