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Front. Earth Sci., 30 January 2023
Sec. Geohazards and Georisks
Volume 10 - 2022 |

Editorial: Snow and ice disaster: Formation mechanism and control engineering

www.frontiersin.orgNing Huang1* www.frontiersin.orgYaping Shao2 www.frontiersin.orgXuanyi Zhou3 www.frontiersin.orgFeng Fan4
  • 1College of Civil engineering and Mechanics, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China
  • 2Institute of Geophysics and Meteorology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
  • 3State Key Laboratory of Disaster Reduction in Civil Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai, China
  • 4Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China

Snow is one of the most active natural elements on Earth. It is an important material source of the polar ice sheet and alpine glaciers. The spatial and temporal distribution and evolution of snow cover profoundly affect the global hydrological cycle, ecosystems, climate evolution, and other natural processes. On the other hand, snow and ice disasters, such as snow avalanches, snowstorms, wind-blown snow, snowmelt floods, building collapses, and traffic hazards, can cause significant damage to human lives and social economies. Thus, studies on the physical processes and formation mechanism of snow and ice disasters, forecasting, and early warning systems, as well as control engineering, are of great significance for preventing snow and ice disasters from damaging society. Research on related disasters involves common scientific problems, such as multi-physical field coupling, strong non-linearity, and multiscale issues, as well as the interaction between atmospheric turbulence and particle flow and other Frontier scientific issues. Additionally, it involves the interdisciplinary convergence of mechanics, civil engineering, atmospheric science, and geography. Therefore, this research has important scientific significance and academic value.

The Research Topic ‘Snow and Ice Disaster: Formation Mechanism and Control Engineering’ includes articles that address the importance of mechanistic studies and model predictions on the prevention and control of snow disasters. The articles cover subjects ranging from physical mechanisms to snow disaster engineering, as well as the theoretical physical model that could be applied in future simulation studies and to the forecasting of disasters.

Three papers in this Research Topic are mainly focused on the physical mechanisms of snow and ice disasters. Yu et al. numerically simulated charged saltating snow particles in a static electrical field, Bian et al. conducted a susceptibility assessment of snow avalanches using a machine learning model, and Dematteis et al. put forward evidence of bedrock forcing on glacier morphodynamics.

Five papers are mainly focused on snow and ice disasters in engineering. Zhang et al. experimentally investigated snow accumulations on rooves based on a new similarity criterion. Liu et al. carried out wind tunnel studies on particle accumulation on the bogie of a high-speed train. Ma et al. investigated snow deposition on railway cuttings during snowdrift. Cao et al. studied the effects of the shear strengths of the ice-roof interface in roof snow sliding. Chen et al. set up a new solver in OpenFOAM for drifting snow and applied it to the forecasting of snow distribution around buildings.

The cryosphere is a key component of the Earth system. The distribution of regional snow/ice cover is mainly affected by factors such as turbulent wind fields, topography, snowfall, and temperature. As global warming continues, extreme weather and climate events will occur more frequently, including snow and ice disasters. Therefore, further studies are needed on the improvement of the snow and ice disaster prediction model and formation mechanism.

Author contributions

All authors listed have made a substantial, direct, and intellectual contribution to the work and approved it for publication.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.

Publisher’s note

All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article, or claim that may be made by its manufacturer, is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.

Keywords: snow, ice, natural disaster, formation mechanism, control engineering

Citation: Huang N, Shao Y, Zhou X and Fan F (2023) Editorial: Snow and ice disaster: Formation mechanism and control engineering. Front. Earth Sci. 10:1019745. doi: 10.3389/feart.2022.1019745

Received: 15 August 2022; Accepted: 06 December 2022;
Published: 30 January 2023.

Edited and reviewed by:

Valerio Acocella, Roma Tre University, Italy

Copyright © 2023 Huang, Shao, Zhou and Fan. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

*Correspondence: Ning Huang,